The intersection of sex and social class in the course of linguistic change

  title={The intersection of sex and social class in the course of linguistic change},
  author={William Labov},
Two general principles of sexual differentiation emerge from previous sociolinguistic studies: that men use a higher frequency of nonstandard forms than women in stable situations, and that women are generally the innovators in linguistic change. It is not clear whether these two tendencies can be unified, or how differences between the sexes can account for the observed patterns of linguistic change. The extensive interaction between sex and other social factors raises the issue as to whether… CONTINUE READING
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