The internet rhetoric of the Ku Klux Klan: A case study in web site community building run amok

  title={The internet rhetoric of the Ku Klux Klan: A case study in web site community building run amok},
  author={Denise M. Bostdorff},
  journal={Communication Studies},
  pages={340 - 361}
Many scholars have praised the Internet as a locale where positive community building takes place. Conversely, this study examines 23 KKK web sites as an exemplar of how groups may engage in community building of a most egregious sort. Through appeals to white masculinity and, on some web sites, segmented appeals to women and to youth and children, Klan web sites attempt to create community that is unified by its opposition to minority groups, particularly Jews. The angry style of Klan… Expand
WWW.HATE.COM: White Supremacist Discourse on the Internet and the Construction of Whiteness Ideology
The Internet connects people from different parts of the world in a way that no other technological innovation can. Extremists and hate mongrels use the Internet to access a potential audience ofExpand
Intersections of hate: Exploring the transecting dimensions of race, religion, gender, and family in Ku Klux Klan Web sites
ABSTRACT The United States has a historical legacy of oppression and subjugation spanning an array of social locations, including class, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation and others.Expand
Persuasion Through Bitter Humor: Multimodal Discourse Analysis of Rhetoric in Internet Memes of Two Far-Right Groups in Finland
This study focuses on the role of Internet memes in the communication of two far-right groups in Finland. The material consists of 426 memes posted by Finland First and the Soldiers of Odin betweenExpand
Sinister Subshade: The Revival of the Ku Klux Klan in Modern America
Through the implementation of qualitative analysis this study purposes to discover if there exists possible correlation between President Trump’s assent to power and the increasing legitimacy of theExpand
The sound of hate: exploring the use of hatecore song lyrics as a recruiting strategy by the White Power Movement
This study uses grounded theory to examine “hatecore” song lyrics used as a communication strategy to spread skinhead ideology. Results indicate that lyrics portray ethnic and religious minorities,Expand
A Call to Educate, Participate, Invoke and Indict: Understanding the Communication of Online Hate Groups
This study analyzes the messages in hate group websites using a grounded theory approach. Through this process of interpretive inquiry we propose four prominent themes—educate, participate, invoke,Expand
Cyberhate: the globalization of hate
Increasingly, scholars are examining the ways in which the Internet allows the hate movement to retrench and reinvent itself as a viable collective. The many electronic means available to theExpand
The Trump Effect: The 2016 Presidential Campaign and the Racist Right's Internet Rhetoric
The divisiveness witnessed during Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign, a nationwide discord on a scale not witnessed since the tumultuous Nixon-Humphrey-Wallace campaign of 1968, hasExpand
Hate Speech or “Reasonable Racism?” The Other in Stormfront
We use the construct of the “other” to explore how hate operates rhetorically within the virtual conclave of Stormfront, credited as the first hate Web site. Through the Internet, white supremacistsExpand
Attitudes Towards Racism in KKK Forums: Denouncement, Avoidance, and Neutralization
Recent research has attempted to better understand the complexity of modern terrorism, which seems evermore present in our worldview. However, the scope of the literature lacks representation ofExpand


The Internet and Political Transformation: Populism, Community, and Accelerated Pluralism
The swift development of the Internet has inspired two sorts of claims that large-scale transformations in the structure of political influence in the U.S. are under way: the populist claim that theExpand
Community without Propinquity Revisited: Communications Technology and the Transformation of the Urban Public Sphere
Recent discussions of the Internet have touted “virtual community” and a capacity to enhance citizen power in democracies. The present essay (a) calls for a more rigorous understanding of community;Expand
Cyberliteracy: Navigating the Internet with Awareness
Computer communications scholar Laura J. Gurak analyzes the new language of the Internet, explaining how to prepare for its discourse and protect oneself from its hazards. Expand
An Ethnographer Looks at Neo-Nazi and Klan Groups
The author re-examines his fieldwork with neo-Nazi and Klan leaders and followers. He first reviews primary findings: official movement ideology expressed crude social Darwinism and an apocalypticExpand
Zonians in cyberspace: The imagining of individual, community and nation on the Panama‐L listserve
This paper traces the ways the diasporic (albeit relatively privileged) identities of Zonians are positioned as part of a larger Panamanian national discourse on the Panama‐L listserve. The paperExpand
Cybersociety 2.0: revisiting computer-mediated communication and community
Introduction - Steven Jones Information, Internet and Community - Steven Jones Notes toward an Understanding of Community in the Information Age The Emergence of On-line Community - Nancy K BaymExpand
Women of the Klan: Racism and Gender in the 1920s
Ignorant. Brutal. Male. One of these stereotypes of the Ku Klux Klan offers a misleading picture. In "Women of the Klan", sociologist Kathleen M. Blee dismantles the popular notion that politicallyExpand
Paranoia and paradox: The apocalyptic rhetoric of Christian identity
The presence of racists and anti‐Semites has become increasingly apparent during the past decade, particularly as they turn to the Internet to quickly and inexpensively disseminate their vitriolicExpand
Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet
From the Publisher: A Question of Identity Life on the Screen is a fascinating and wide-ranging investigation of the impact of computers and networking on society, peoples' perceptions ofExpand
This article examines how women members of contemporary U.S. racist groups reconcile the male-oriented agendas of organized racism with understandings of themselves and their gendered self-interests.Expand