The interaction between impulsivity and neighborhood context on offending: the effects of impulsivity are stronger in poorer neighborhoods.

  title={The interaction between impulsivity and neighborhood context on offending: the effects of impulsivity are stronger in poorer neighborhoods.},
  author={Donald R. Lynam and Anat Caspi and Terrie E. Moffitt and Per-olof H. Wikstr{\"o}m and Rolf Loeber and S Novak},
  journal={Journal of abnormal psychology},
  volume={109 4},
This research blends 2 traditions of theorizing on the causes of crime, one focused on the role of individual differences and the other focused on structural and contextual variables. Two related studies examined the relations among impulsivity, neighborhood context, and juvenile offending. The first, cross-sectional study uses a large sample of 13-year-old inner-city boys, whereas the second, longitudinal study offers a conceptual replication using 17-year-old inner-city boys who are a subset… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Does the Effect of Impulsivity on Delinquency Vary by Level of Neighborhood Disadvantage?
The authors examine the importance of the person-context nexus in adolescent deviance. Using the nationally representative National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) data set of
Impulsivity, Offending, and the Neighborhood: Investigating the Person–Context Nexus
The traditional trait-based approach to the study of crime has been challenged for its failure to acknowledge differences in the social environments to which individuals are exposed. Similarly,
In the Eye of the Impulsive Beholder
Substantial evidence indicates that impulsivity is a robust correlate of offending. However, its effects appear to be partially contingent upon other criminological factors, such as neighborhood
Unpacking the Relationships between Impulsivity, Neighborhood Disadvantage, and Adolescent Violence: An Application of a Neighborhood-Based Group Decomposition
The results indicate that the differential effect of impulsivity on violence can be attributed to both developmental processes that lead to the greater concentration of violent and impulsive teenagers in economically deprived neighborhoods as well as the greater likelihood of impulsive adolescents engaging in violence when they reside in economically disadvantaged communities.
Examining the Neighborhood Context of the Violent Offending-Victimization Relationship: A Prospective Investigation
The persistent link between offending and victimization is one of the most robust empirical findings in criminological research. Despite important efforts to isolate the sources of this phenomenon,
Disentangling Neighborhood Effects in Person-Context Research: An Application of a Neighborhood-Based Group Decomposition
This paper proposes a framework to assess how compositional differences at the neighborhood level contribute to the moderating effect of neighborhood context on the association between individual
Impulsivity, School Context, and School Misconduct
Impulsivity holds a central place in the explanations of adolescent delinquency. Recent research suggests that neighborhood characteristics, particularly SES (socioeconomic status), perceived
Impulsive and callous traits are more strongly associated with delinquent behavior in higher risk neighborhoods among boys and girls.
Results of the present study suggested a robust moderating effect of neighborhood context on personality risk for delinquency, and the relation between impulsivity and delinquency was greater in neighborhoods low in collective efficacy compared to neighborhoods high in collective effectiveness.
Hyperactivity, Impulsivity, Inattention (HIA) and Conduct Problems among African American Youth: The Roles of Neighborhood and Gender
Examining neighborhood context as a moderator of the relation between the constellation of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and attention (HIA) difficulties and conduct problems among African American youth from single mother homes revealed that both subjective and objective indices of neighborhood context moderated the relationship.
An Investigation of Neighborhood Disadvantage, Low Self-Control, and Violent Victimization Among Youth
This research combines social disorganization and self-control perspectives to understand personal victimization among youth. In doing so, several research questions are investigated to explore the


The Effects of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Adolescent Development
A conceptual framework for studying emerging neighborhood effects on individual development is presented, identifying specific mechanisms and processes by which neighborhood disadvantage influences
Explaining the relation between IQ and delinquency: class, race, test motivation, school failure, or self-control?
The IQ-delinquency relation was robust after race, class, and observed test motivation were controlled statistically and the effect of IQ was mediated by school performance for Black youth but not for White youth.
Childhood aggression and peer relations in the context of family and neighborhood factors.
The need for broader contextual factors to be considered in studying children's social and behavioral development is discussed in terms of the need for wider contextual factors in the context of ethnicity, income, and structural characteristics of families and neighborhoods on childhood aggression and peer relations.
Measuring impulsivity and examining its relationship to delinquency.
The results indicate that behavioral impulsivity was especially related to serious delinquency that is stable over time and consistent with theoretical prediction.
The sociological perspectives which helped formulate the study of delinquency and continue to underlie more specific conceptual frameworks—Social Disorganization, Subculture, and Labeling—point to
The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes.
This article provides a comprehensive review of research on the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent well-being and suggests the importance of high socioeconomic status for achievement and low SES and residential instability for behavioral/emotional outcomes.
Unraveling Girls' Delinquency: Biological, Dispositional, and Contextual Contributions to Adolescent Misbehavior
We examined processes linking biological and behavioral changes in different contexts during adolescence by studying an unselected cohort of New Zealand girls from childhood through adolescence when
Economic hardship and the development of five- and six-year-olds: Neighborhood and regional perspectives.
The present study examines the association between neighborhood characteristics and the development of 5- and 6-year-olds. We also explore how region might moderate the effects of neighborhoods on
Neighborhoods and violent crime: a multilevel study of collective efficacy.
Multilevel analyses showed that a measure of collective efficacy yields a high between-neighborhood reliability and is negatively associated with variations in violence, when individual-level characteristics, measurement error, and prior violence are controlled.
Social Area Influences on Delinquency: A Multilevel Analysis
One research tradition in criminology has focused on the distribution of crime rates among social areas, and a second tradition has examined the distribution of crime among individuals. Rarely are