The instability of field experiments: building an experimental research tradition on the rocky seashores (1950–1985)

  title={The instability of field experiments: building an experimental research tradition on the rocky seashores (1950–1985)},
  author={Jean-Baptiste Grodwohl and Franco Porto and Charbel Ni{\~n}o El-Hani},
  journal={History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences},
In many experimental sciences, like particle physics or molecular biology, the proper place for establishing facts is the laboratory. In the sciences of population biology, however, the laboratory is often seen as a poor approximation of what occurs in nature. Results obtained in the field are usually more convincing. This raises special problems: it is much more difficult to obtain stable, repeatable results in the field, where environmental conditions vary out of the experimenter’s control… 
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