The inheritance and development of minnow anti-predator behaviour

  title={The inheritance and development of minnow anti-predator behaviour},
  author={Anne E. Magurran},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  • A. Magurran
  • Published 1 May 1990
  • Environmental Science
  • Animal Behaviour
Acquired Recognition of Predator Odour in the European Minnow (Phoxinus phoxinus)
Although minnows respond to both odours the reaction to the tilapia odour is reduced, which suggests that a constraint on learning is involved.
The ontogeny of antipredator behaviour in paradise fish larvae (Macropodus opercularis): the recognition of eyespots
The results suggest that the recognition of eyespots coincides with larvae becoming more conspicuous to predators by the appearance of pigmentation and increasing level of swimming activity (exploration).
Modification of anti-predator behaviour in tadpoles by environmental conditioning
The anti-predator behaviour of two closely related species of tadpoles (Rana lessonae and Rana esculenta) was examined and species did not differ in refuge use.
Chemosensory predator recognition in the lizardPodarcis hispanica: Effects of predation pressure relaxation
Two subspecies of Podarcis hispanica lizards in cages that had been chemically marked by a saurophagous snake, the viperVipera latastei, exhibited more stress-indicating behaviors and became less mobile, and tongue-flicked more while moving in a snake-inhabited terrarium than when in a clean, unfamiliar terrarium.
The role of experience and chemical alarm signalling in predator recognition by fathead minnows, Pimephales promelas
It is demonstrated that fathead minnows can acquire predator recognition through releaserinduced recognition learning, thus confirming a known mechanism through which alarm substance may benefit the receivers of an alarm signal.
Inherited Population Differences in Avoidance Conditioning in Three-Spined Sticklebacks, Gasterosteus Aculeatus
Laboratory-reared predator-naive three-spined sticklebacks from two sites, one with abundant predatory fish (the high-risk site) and the other essentially predator-free (the low-risk site), were
Behavior and Risk of Predation in Larval Tree Hole Mosquitoes: Effects of Hunger and Population History of Predation
Activity patterns were affected by hunger, with increasing hunger associated with decreasing thrashing and resting, and increasing browsing, and food affected activity in all populations in a similar fashion.
Predator inspection behaviour in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus): body size, local predation pressure and cooperation
It is confirmed that levels of predator inspection are both population- and situation-dependent, suggesting a trade-off in the potential costs and benefits of this behaviour.
NOTES: Predator Recognition and Avoidance by Larval Razorback Sucker and Northern Hog Sucker
This work tested razorback sucker larvae singly and in groups to determine their ability to recognize and avoid predators, and related their performance to that of northern hog sucker Hypentelium nigricans, a species that evolved in a predator-rich fish community.


Population differences in the reaction of minnows to alarm substance
Experiments showed that minnows, Phoxinus phoxinus, sympatric with pike, Esox lucius, responded more vigorously to alarm substance than minnows from a population with no experience of pike predation
The development of shoaling behaviour in the European minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus
The effects of development and disturbance on schooling and shoaling were observed in laboratory-raised minnows, and disturbed fish were more likely to follow another minnow during an encounter.
The influence of early experience on escape behaviour in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata)
Guppies (Poecilia reticulata) with or without experience of being chased by adult conspecifics were exposed first to a model "aerial predator" to assess the magnitude of their escape response, then
Provenance, shoal size and the sociobiology of predator-evasion behaviour in minnow shoals
  • A. Magurran, T. Pitcher
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1987
Mnows from provenances with and without pike exhibited a similar repertoire of antipredator behaviour patterns, but those sympatric with the predator integrated their tactics more effectively and regained pre-exposure behaviour sooner after each encounter.
  • B. Seghers
  • Environmental Science
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1974
This report presents a new source of evidence favoring an antipredator role for schooling in guppies from natural populations of a small tropical freshwater fish, the guppy, in the Northern Range Mountains of Trinidad, West Indies.
The Annual Food Consumption and Prey Preferences of Pike (Esox lucius) in the River Frome, Dorset
The proportion of food used for maintenance by each age-group increased from 24.3% at age 1 to 77.5% atage 10 years, and it is suggested that, in game fisheries, the removal of coarse fish is suggested.