The influenza viruses.

  title={The influenza viruses.},
  author={Alan W. Hampson and John S. Mackenzie},
  journal={The Medical journal of Australia},
  volume={185 10 Suppl},
Human epidemic influenza is caused by influenza type A and B viruses, which continually undergo antigenic change in their surface antigens, haemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N). Influenza epidemics are the consequence of small, ongoing antigenic changes known as "antigenic drift", which occurs in both influenza types. Pandemic influenza occurs at irregular and unpredictable intervals, and is the result of a major antigenic change known as "antigenic shift", which occurs only in influenza A… CONTINUE READING


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