The influence of training status, age, and muscle fiber type on cycling efficiency and endurance performance.

@article{Hopker2013TheIO,
  title={The influence of training status, age, and muscle fiber type on cycling efficiency and endurance performance.},
  author={James G Hopker and Damian Coleman and Hannah C Gregson and Simon A Jobson and Tobias von der Haar and Jonathan Derek Wiles and Louis Passfield},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={2013},
  volume={115 5},
  pages={723-9}
}
The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of age, training status, and muscle fiber-type distribution on cycling efficiency. Forty men were recruited into one of four groups: young and old trained cyclists, and young and old untrained individuals. All participants completed an incremental ramp test to measure their peak O2 uptake, maximal heart rate, and maximal minute power output; a submaximal test of cycling gross efficiency (GE) at a series of absolute and relative work rates… CONTINUE READING
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