The influence of thermoregulatory selection presures on hominid evolution

@article{Wheeler1990TheIO,
  title={The influence of thermoregulatory selection presures on hominid evolution},
  author={P. E. Wheeler},
  journal={Behavioral and Brain Sciences},
  year={1990},
  volume={13},
  pages={366 - 366}
}
  • P. E. Wheeler
  • Published 1 June 1990
  • Biology
  • Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Nocturnal behavior by a diurnal ape, the West African chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus), in a savanna environment at Fongoli, Senegal.

  • J. Pruetz
  • Psychology
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2018
Evidence is provided that chimpanzees may exhibit behaviors that allow them to avoid high temperatures in a savanna environment, such as feeding and socializing at night during the hottest time of year and in the brightest moon phases, which support theories invoking thermal stress as a selective pressure for hominins in open environments where heat would constrain temporal foraging niches.

Meat‐Adaptive Genes and the Evolution of Slower Aging in Humans

It is argued that this dietary shift to increased regular consumption of fatty animal tissues in the course of hominid evolution was mediated by selection for “meat‐adaptive” genes, and one candidate gene is apolipoprotein E (apoE), with the E3 allele evolved in the genus Homo that reduces the risks for Alzheimer’s and vascular disease.

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