The influence of temperature on growth and development of chrysanthemum cultivars

  title={The influence of temperature on growth and development of chrysanthemum cultivars},
  author={Anke van der Ploeg and Ep Heuvelink},
  journal={The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology},
  pages={174 - 182}
Summary The effects of temperature, especially in the sub-optimal temperature range, on growth and development of chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflorum syn. Chrysanthemum morifolium) are reviewed with special emphasis on cultivar differences. The developmental aspects analysed in this paper are leaf unfolding rate, stem elongation, time to flowering, and the number and sizes of flowers. Growth is studied as biomass production and partitioning to different plant organs. Temperature has a… 
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To breed for more energy-efficient cut chrysanthemum cultivars it is important to know the variation of the temperature response existing in modern cultivars, which shows an optimum response to temperature, with the optimum around 24 °C.
Growth and flowering of chrysanthemum cultivars as affected by Alar and levels of slow-release fertilizer
The effects of Alar and slow-release fertilizer (Osmocote) on growth and flowering in four chrysanthemum cultivars (Kodiak ‘yellow’, Ivyridgf ‘white’, Auburn ‘red’, and Lansing ‘pink’) grown under
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A model to predict phenological development and leaf appearance of chrysanthemum (cv. Baekseon) using daylength, air temperature, and management options like light interruption and ethylene treatment as predictor variables predicted budding date, flowering date, and Leaf appearance with acceptable accuracy and precision.
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A field experiment was conducted at the School of Sustainable Agriculture Field Laboratory in University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah to study the effect of different photoperiod on
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The data suggest that weekly observation of the shoot apex makes it possible to characterize the cultivar and can be used to predict anthesis time, useful as a simple morphological marker for stable production of C. morifolium grown outdoors.
The efficiency of interaction between cytokines and Auxins in Micropropagation of Chrysanthemum plant (Chrysanthemum indicum L.)
The results showed that the interaction between the concentrations of Kin and IBA had a higher significant effect than the use of Kin alone, where the average of vegetative growth of Chrysanthemum plant increased as the average number of shoots, shoot length and number of leaves amounted to 7.2 shoot.
Effect of pinching on growth and quality flower production of chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum L.)
Among the six treatment, T5 (pinching the plants thrice) showed the highest efficacy and it could be used as treatment in cultivation of Chrysanthemum indicum for growth and quality flower production.
Low night temperatures change whole-plant physiology and increase starch accumulation in Chrysanthemum morifolium
Summary Overnight changes in carbohydrate levels and the uptake of 15NO3–, photosynthesis, and plant morphology were investigated in Chrysanthemum morifolium with the aim of identifying the first
Silicon supply through the subirrigation system affects growth of three chrysanthemum cultivars
The effect of silicon (Si) treatment on the growth of three chrysanthemum cultivars grown in a soilless substrate was evaluated. Rooted terminal cuttings of Dendranthema grandiflorum ‘Gaya Pink’,


Temperature affects Chrysanthemum flower characteristics differently during three phases of the cultivation period
Flower characteristics were less sensitive to temperature applied during the long-day period, whereas individual flower size increased with temperature during phase II, but decreased with temperature During phase III, and lower temperatures during phase III significantly enhanced flower colour intensity.
Selection for wide temperature adaptation in Chrysanthemum morifolium (Ramat.) Hemsl.
In chrysanthemums the same cultivar is grown all the year round in glasshouses and needs to be adapted to low winter and high summer temperatures. As initial selection in a segregating population
The differential responses of chrysanthemum cultivars to light and temperature
The occurrence of interactions does not preclude the possibility of breeding cultivars adapted to a wide range of light and temperature conditions, but such interactions may be pronounced however when the performance in summer is compared with that in winter.