The influence of retrieval on retention

@article{Carrier1992TheIO,
  title={The influence of retrieval on retention},
  author={Mark Carrier and Harold Pashler},
  journal={Memory \& Cognition},
  year={1992},
  volume={20},
  pages={633-642}
}
Four experiments tested the hypothesis that successful retrieval of an item from memory affects retention only because the retrieval provides an additional presentation of the target item. Two methods of learning paired associates were compared, In the pure study trial (pure ST condition) method, both items of a pair were presented simultaneously for study. In the test trial/study trial (TTST condition) method, subjects attempted to retrieve the response term during aperiod in which only the… 
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