With the purpose of studying the influence of personality on suicidal behavior, 63 female suicide attempters were assessed by means of standardized interviews, Eysenck's personality questionnaire (EPQ-R) and other psychometric scales. Personality disorders (DMS III-R) were found in almost 70 per 100 and associated with previous attempts, higher hopelessness, suicide ideation, and to a more severe attempt. The most relevant dimensions were psychoticism and extraversion. The first one correlated to repetition, hopelessness, and suicide ideation; the second exerted a moderating effect, showing association with feelings of conformity towards survival. Neuroticism showed a rather unspecific effect on studied factors. Results confirm a relationship between personality disorders and suicidal behavior, and suggest possible mediating variables.