The influence of hinge region residue Glu-381 on antithrombin allostery and metastability.


Antithrombin becomes an efficient inhibitor of factor Xa and thrombin by binding a specific pentasaccharide sequence found on a small fraction of the heparan sulfate proteoglycans lining the microvaculature. In the structure of native antithrombin, the reactive center loop is restrained due to the insertion of its hinge region into the main beta-sheet A… (More)