The influence of gene-environment interactions on the development of alcoholism and drug dependence.

  • M D Enoch
  • Published 2012 in Current psychiatry reports


Alcoholism and drug dependence are common psychiatric disorders with a heritability of about 50%; therefore genetic and environmental influences are equally important. Early-life stress is a predictor of adolescent problem drinking/drug use and alcohol/drug dependence in adulthood, but moderating factors governing the availability of alcohol/drug are… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s11920-011-0252-9


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