The influence of egocentrism and focalism on people's optimism in competitions: when what affects us equally affects me more.

@article{Windschitl2003TheIO,
  title={The influence of egocentrism and focalism on people's optimism in competitions: when what affects us equally affects me more.},
  author={P. Windschitl and J. Kruger and Ericka Nus Simms},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2003},
  volume={85 3},
  pages={
          389-408
        }
}
Six experiments investigated people's optimism in competitions. The studies involved hypothetical and real competitions (course grades in Experiments 1 and 2, a trivia game in Experiments 3-5, and a poker game in Experiment 6) in which the presence of shared adversities and benefits (factors that would generally hinder or help the absolute performance of all competitors) was manipulated. Shared adversities tended to reduce people's subjective likelihoods of winning, whereas shared benefits… Expand
189 Citations
Are people excessive or judicious in their egocentrism? A modeling approach to understanding bias and accuracy in people's optimism.
  • 50
  • PDF
Cultural Differences in Unrealistic Optimism and Pessimism: The Role of Egocentrism and Direct Versus Indirect Comparison Measures
  • 66
How egocentrism and optimism change in response to feedback in repeated competitions
  • 30
  • PDF
Egocentrism and focalism in unrealistic optimism (and pessimism)
  • 189
  • PDF
On the Genesis of Inflated (and Deflated) Judgments of Responsibility: Egocentrism Revisited
  • 11
The Rational Side of Egocentrism in Social Comparisons
  • 75
  • PDF
Humanizing the Self: Moderators of the Attribution of Lesser Humanness to Others
  • N. Haslam, P. Bain
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality & social psychology bulletin
  • 2007
  • 121
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 60 REFERENCES
Egocentrism as a Source of Unrealistic Optimism
  • 292
Unrealistic optimism about future life events
  • 4,232
  • PDF
Optimism, Pessimism, and the Direction of Self–Other Comparisons
  • 115
Lake Wobegon be gone! The "below-average effect" and the egocentric nature of comparative ability judgments.
  • J. Kruger
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1999
  • 821
  • Highly Influential
Cognitive-experiential self-theory and subjective probability: further evidence for two conceptual systems.
  • 230
Egocentric Biases in Availability and Attribution
  • 847
  • PDF
...
1
2
3
4
5
...