The influence of cold pack on labour pain relief and birth outcomes: a randomised controlled trial.

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES (1) To evaluate the influence of local cold on severity of labour pain and (2) to identify the effect of local cold on maternal and neonatal outcomes. BACKGROUND Fear of labour pain results in an increase in pain and duration of labour, maternal discontent and demand for caesarean section. Regarding maternal and foetal complications of… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/jocn.12413

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Cite this paper

@article{Shirvani2014TheIO, title={The influence of cold pack on labour pain relief and birth outcomes: a randomised controlled trial.}, author={Marjan Ahmad Shirvani and Z. Z. Ganji}, journal={Journal of clinical nursing}, year={2014}, volume={23 17-18}, pages={2473-9} }