The influence of affect on suboptimal strategy choice in the Monty Hall dilemma

  title={The influence of affect on suboptimal strategy choice in the Monty Hall dilemma},
  author={Emir Efendi{\'c} and Sasa Drace},
The Monty Hall dilemma (MHD) presents an intriguing choice anomaly that offers insight into human reasoning. It presents a specific subclass of decision tasks that require the adequate use of Bayes theorem in order to make optimal decisions. In the MHD, participants are presented with three doors with only one door hiding the prize. After their initial choice of a door, they are offered additional information. A different door (one that does not hide the prize and one not chosen by… 
Why Humans Fail in Solving the Monty Hall Dilemma: A Systematic Review
A systematic review of literature published between January 2000 and February 2018 addressing why humans systematically fail to react optimally to the Monty Hall dilemma or fail to understand it is presented.


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The Monty Hall Dilemma (MHD) uses two-stage decisions with a host, guest, and a prize behind one of three doors. After the guest makes a choice, the host reveals another door as incorrect. The
Reasoning in the Monty Hall problem: Examining choice behaviour and probability judgements
This research examined choice behaviour and probability judgement in a counterintuitive reasoning problem called the Monty Hall problem (MHP). In Experiments 1 and 2 we examined whether learning from
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Do people reduce dissonance more for their errors of commission than their errors of omission? More specifically, do people come to value a disappointing outcome obtained through a direct action more
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Are birds smarter than mathematicians? Pigeons (Columba livia) perform optimally on a version of the Monty Hall Dilemma.
A series of experiments investigated whether pigeons, like most humans, would fail to maximize their expected winnings in a version of the Monty Hall Dilemma, and showed that humans failed to adopt optimal strategies, even with extensive training.
Learning Inhibition in the Monty Hall Problem
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The examined whether older adults would make more nonoptimal decisions on the ratio bias task than young adults and found that older adults did make moreNonoptimal choices than their younger counterparts and that positive affect was associated with nonoptical choices.