The induced prostaglandin E2 pathway is a key regulator of the respiratory response to infection and hypoxia in neonates.

Infection during the neonatal period commonly induces apnea episodes, and the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1beta may serve as a critical mediator between these events. To determine the mechanism by which IL-1beta depresses respiration, we examined a prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))-dependent pathway in newborn mice and human neonates. IL-1beta and transient… CONTINUE READING