The increased biological effectiveness of heavy charged particles: from radiobiology to treatment planning.

@article{Krmer2003TheIB,
  title={The increased biological effectiveness of heavy charged particles: from radiobiology to treatment planning.},
  author={Michael Kr{\"a}mer and Wilma K Weyrather and Michael Scholz},
  journal={Technology in cancer research & treatment},
  year={2003},
  volume={2 5},
  pages={427-36}
}
The increased biological effectiveness of heavy charged particle beams like e.g., carbon ions in the tumor volume in comparison to the lower effectiveness in the surrounding healthy tissue represents one of the major rationales for their application in tumor therapy. This increased effectiveness also characterizes the advantage of heavier ions compared to proton beams. The increased effectiveness has to be taken into account in treatment planning in order to estimate the corresponding photon… CONTINUE READING

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