The incidence, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of fat embolism.

@article{Mueller1994TheIP,
  title={The incidence, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of fat embolism.},
  author={Christof A. Mueller and Berton A. Rahn and Ulrich Pfister and Richard P Meinig},
  journal={Orthopaedic review},
  year={1994},
  volume={23 2},
  pages={107-17}
}
Fat embolism syndrome is a potentially serious and life threatening complication of long bone trauma, blunt trauma, and intramedullary manipulation. In long bone fractures, fat embolism is encountered in 0.9% to 2.2% of cases. During intramedullary manipulations, such as prosthetic stem insertion or reaming, the incidence is typically lower (range, 0.5% to 0.8%). Diagnosis is dependent upon the clinical recognition of dyspnea, petechiae, and cognitive dysfunction in the first several days… CONTINUE READING