The imposter phenomenon in high achieving women: Dynamics and therapeutic intervention.

  title={The imposter phenomenon in high achieving women: Dynamics and therapeutic intervention.},
  author={Pauline Rose Clance and Suzanne Ament Imes},
The term impostor phenomenon is used to designate an int ernal experience of intellectual phonies, which appears to be particularly prevalent and intense among a select sample of high achieving women. Certain early family dynamics and later introjection of societal sex-role stereotyping appear to contribute significantly to the development of the impostor phenomenon. Despite outstanding academic and professional accomplishments, women who experience the imposter phenomenon persists in believing… Expand
The Imposter Phenomenon: An Internal Barrier to Empowerment and Achievement
In 1978, Clance and Imes developed the term Imposter Phenomenon (IP) to designate an internal experience of intellectual phoniness that seemed to be particularly prevalent among a select sample ofExpand
Impostor Phenomenon: Gender Differences and Role of Family Environment
The impostor phenomenon is a relatively less explored phenomenon that is characterized by an internal experience of intellectual phoniness. Despite evidence to the contrary, people with impostorExpand
The imposter phenomenon: Recent research findings regarding dynamics, personality and family patterns and their implications for treatment.
Research on the impostor phenomenon, an experience of feeling incompetent and of having deceived others about one's abilities, is reviewed. Impostor feelings are shown to be associated with suchExpand
The Links Between Parenting Styles and Imposter Phenomenon
COPYRIGHT 2014 BY PSI CHI, THE INTERNATIONAL HONOR SOCIETY IN PSYCHOLOGY (VOL. 19, NO. 2/ISSN 2164-8204) *Faculty mentor Not all people enjoy their accomplishments. Clance and Imes (1978) referred toExpand
Adult Women Students in the Academy: Impostors or Members?
H istorically women have been considered the weaker of the sexes. This idea of women as less than equal has resulted in the gender being categorized and socialized as dependent, nurturing, and emo­Expand
Perfectionism and the Imposter Phenomenon in Academically Talented Undergraduates
The imposter phenomenon is characterized as difficulty internalizing success due to feelings of inauthenticity or phoniness despite contrary evidence of competence. Academically talented students inExpand
Experiential supervision: healing imposter phenomenon from the inside out
ABSTRACT Psychotherapists acquire skills in high stakes environments while actively treating clients in distress. The natural disparity between skill mastery and client need can affect neophyte andExpand
A Culturally Informed Model of the Development of the Impostor Phenomenon Among African American Youth
The impostor phenomenon, or feelings of intellectual incompetence among high achieving individuals, represents a maladaptive set of cognitions that can hamper positive psychological adjustment.Expand
Parentification and the Impostor Phenomenon: An Empirical Investigation
This article examines the hypothesis that individuals who were parentified as children are more likely to report impostor feelings in adulthood. A sample of 213 graduate students were given theExpand
Students' recollections of parenting styles and impostor phenomenon: The mediating role of social anxiety
Abstract Clance and Imes (1978) introduced a phenomenon regarding individuals who tend to experience intellectual phoniness and covert perceived inadequacy, which they termed impostor phenomenon. TheExpand


Toward An Understanding of Achievement‐Related Conflicts in Women
The motive to avoid success is conceptualized within the framework of an expectancy-value theory of motivation. It is identified as an internal psychological representative of the dominant societalExpand
Sex‐Role Stereotypes: A Current Appraisal
Consensus about the differing characteristics of men and women exists across groups differing in sex, age, marital status, and education. Masculine characteristics are positively valued more oftenExpand
Psychotherapy Theory, Research and Practice
  • Psychotherapy Theory, Research and Practice
  • 1978
Sex and the attribution process
  • New directions in attribution research
  • 1976
Sex and the attribution process
  • New directions in attribution research
  • 1976
Sex-role stereotypes and self-concepts in college students.
The Potential of Woman
  • 1963
Woman's intellect
  • The Potential of Woman. New York: McGraw-Hill
  • 1963