The importance of the diurnal and annual cycle of air traffic for contrail radiative forcing

@article{Stuber2006TheIO,
  title={The importance of the diurnal and annual cycle of air traffic for contrail radiative forcing},
  author={Nicola Stuber and Piers M. Forster and Gaby R{\"a}del and Keith P. Shine},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2006},
  volume={441},
  pages={864-867}
}
Air traffic condensation trails, or contrails, are believed to have a net atmospheric warming effect, although one that is currently small compared to that induced by other sources of human emissions. However, the comparably large growth rate of air traffic requires an improved understanding of the resulting impact of aircraft radiative forcing on climate. Contrails have an effect on the Earth's energy balance similar to that of high thin ice clouds. Their trapping of outgoing longwave… Expand
Sensitivity of contrail cirrus radiative forcing to air traffic scheduling
[1] Air traffic effects high cloudiness and therefore the Earth's radiation budget by producing contrail cirrus. Contrail cirrus comprise of line-shaped contrails and irregularly shaped ice cloudsExpand
Radiative forcing by persistent contrails and its dependence on cruise altitudes
[1] The expected increase of global air traffic raises concern over the impact of aviation on climate, for instance via the creation of persistent contrails that influence the radiative budget of theExpand
Simulated radiative forcing from contrails and contrail cirrus
Abstract. A comprehensive general circulation model including ice supersaturation is used to estimate the climate impact of aviation induced contrails. The model uses a realistic aviation emissionsExpand
A case study of the radiative forcing of persistent contrails evolving into contrail‐induced cirrus
over 50,000 km 2 . The shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) radiative forcing of the contrail-induced cirrus is estimated using a combination of geostationary satellite instruments, numerical weatherExpand
A Sensitivity Study of the Effect of Horizontal Photon Transport on the Radiative Forcing of Contrails
Abstract With the rapid growth in air travel, there is concern over the radiative impact of contrails and aircraft-induced cirrus on climate. Previous radiation calculations on contrails have almostExpand
Parameterization of contrails in the UK Met Office Climate Model
Persistent contrails are believed to currently have a relatively small but significant positive radiative forcing on climate. With air travel predicted to continue its rapid growth over the comingExpand
A review of satellite remote sensing of aircraft-induced contrails and investigation of their potential role in regional climate change
Condensation-trails, or 'contrails', have a net warming effect on the climate system. They form in the wake of jet aircraft, as exhaust-gases mix with cold and humid ambient air. The climate impactExpand
Estimating the climate impact of linear contrails using the UK Met Office climate model
[1] The HadGEM2 global climate model is employed to investigate some of the linear contrail effects on climate. Our study parameterizes linear contrails as a thin layer of aerosol. We find that atExpand
Contrails, Natural Clouds, and Diurnal Temperature Range
Abstract The direct impact of aircraft condensation trails (contrails) on surface temperature in regions of high aircraft density has been a matter of recent debate in climate research. Based on dataExpand
The impact of diurnal variations of air traffic on contrail radiative forcing
We combined high resolution aircraft flight data from the EU Fifth Framework Programme project AERO2k with analysis data from the ECMWF's integrated forecast system to calculate diurnally resolvedExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
On the tradeoff of the solar and thermal infrared radiative impact of contrails
Global calculations of the radiative forcing due to contrails from aircraft are performed. A contrail distribution computed based on aviation fuel consumption and radiative transfer models for solarExpand
Future Development of Contrail Cover, Optical Depth, and Radiative Forcing: Impacts of Increasing Air Traffic and Climate Change
Abstract The future development of contrails is investigated considering changes in air traffic and aircraft technology as well as climate change by means of a contrail parameterization developed forExpand
On the effect of emissions from aircraft engines on the state of the atmosphere
Emissions from aircraft engines include carbon dioxide, water vapour, nitrogen oxides, sulphur components and various other gases and particles. Such emissions from high-flying global civil subsonicExpand
On the regional climatic impact of contrails: microphysical and radiative properties of contrails and natural cirrus clouds
The impact of contrail-induced cirrus clouds on regional climate is estimated for mean atmospheric conditions of southern Germany in the months of July and October. This is done by use of aExpand
Global distribution of contrail radiative forcing
The global distribution of radiative forcing by persistent linear contrails has been estimated for 1992 and 2050 using global contrail cover computed for aircraft fuel consumption scenarios for theExpand
Contrails in a comprehensive global climate model: Parameterization and radiative forcing results
[1] A parameterization of contrails for use in comprehensive global climate models is introduced. It is based on the thermodynamic theory of contrail formation, which has been applied in a consistentExpand
The Effect of Cloud Type on Earth's Energy Balance: Global Analysis
Abstract The role of fractional area coverage by cloud types in the energy balance of the earth is investigated through joint use of International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) C1 cloudExpand
The Formation of Exhaust Condensation Trails by Jet Aircraft
This paper defines the meteorological state of the atmosphere which will give rise to the formation of condensation trails (contrails) as the exhaust from an aircraft engine mixes with and saturatesExpand
Influence of propulsion efficiency on contrail formation
Aircraft cause contrails when flying in an atmosphere colder than a threshold temperature which depends on the overall efficiency of propulsion of the aircraft/engine combination. Higher causesExpand
Regional radiative forcing by line-shaped contrails derived from satellite data
[1] The influence of contrails on the radiation budget depends mainly on their coverage and optical depth. This study derives these parameters from data of the advanced very high resolutionExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...