The importance of the diurnal and annual cycle of air traffic for contrail radiative forcing

  title={The importance of the diurnal and annual cycle of air traffic for contrail radiative forcing},
  author={Nicola Stuber and Piers M. Forster and Gaby R{\"a}del and Keith P. Shine},
Air traffic condensation trails, or contrails, are believed to have a net atmospheric warming effect, although one that is currently small compared to that induced by other sources of human emissions. However, the comparably large growth rate of air traffic requires an improved understanding of the resulting impact of aircraft radiative forcing on climate. Contrails have an effect on the Earth's energy balance similar to that of high thin ice clouds. Their trapping of outgoing longwave… Expand
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