Corpus ID: 79402656

The importance of place : a history of genetics in 1930s Britain.

  title={The importance of place : a history of genetics in 1930s Britain.},
  author={J. Marie},
My thesis develops the concept of 'settings' for genetics research in 1930s Britain. It shows that settings were associated with stable 'types' of genetics. I establish what these types were and how they remained stable by comparing three characteristics of genetics (funding, research organism, problem choice) at two locations in different settings. I begin by showing that the Department of Zoology/Biometry (DoZ/B) and the Institute of Animal Genetics (IAG) exemplified locations in two of the… Expand
James Cossar Ewart and the Origins of the Animal Breeding Research Department in Edinburgh, 1895–1920
  • C. Button
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of biology
  • 2018
New light is shed on Edinburgh’s place in early British genetics by drawing upon recently catalogued archival sources including the papers of James Cossar Ewart, Regius Professor of Natural History at the University of Edinburgh between 1882 and 1927. Expand
Women as Mendelians and Geneticists
After the rediscovery of Mendel’s laws of heredity in 1900, the biologists who began studying heredity, variation, and evolution using the new Mendelian methodology—performing controlled hybridExpand
Agricultural science, plant breeding and the emergence of a Mendelian system in Britain, 1880-1930
Following Thomas P. Hughes’s systems approach in the history of technology, and making use of previously unexamined sources, this dissertation seeks to show that the development of British MendelismExpand
'Wanted-standard guinea pigs': standardisation and the experimental animal market in Britain ca. 1919-1947.
  • R. Kirk
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2008
It is shown to have produced a crisis within animal reliant experimental science in the early 1940s which enabled the left-wing Association of Scientific Workers to cast science's reliance on a free market as economically inefficient and a threat to the reliability of British research. Expand
The demand for pregnancy testing: The Aschheim–Zondek reaction, diagnostic versatility, and laboratory services in 1930s Britain
  • Jesse Olszynko-Gryn
  • Medicine
  • Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2014
Pregnant diagnosis alongside other laboratory services is reconsiders and explains demand in terms of medical entrepreneurs and diagnostic consumers. Expand
“The ‘Domestication’ of Heredity: The Familial Organization of Geneticists at Cambridge University, 1895–1910”
In the early years of Mendelism, 1900–1910, William Bateson established a productive research group consisting of women and men studying biology at Cambridge that relied on domestic resources to carry out their work. Expand


The struggle for authority in the field of heredity, 1900–1932: New perspectives on the rise of genetics
  • J. Sapp
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of biology
  • 1983
Investigations of the rise of genetics by biologists, historians, and sociologists of science have resulted in a rich body of literature as diverse as it is large, with one common view concerns the notion of genetics itself. Expand
Genetics in the United States and Great Britain, 1890-1930: A Review with Speculations
The literature of genetics covers its various topics in either the United States or England but not cross-nationally but leaves unexplored the history of the overall corps of men and women, including the scientific commoners in research, who came to form the Anglo-American genetics community. Expand
The singular fate of genetics in the history of French biology, 1900–1940
The reception of Mendelism in France from 1900 to 1940 is examined, and the place of some of the extra-Mendelian traditions of research that contributed to the development of genetics in France after World War II is examined. Expand
Women in the Early History of Genetics: William Bateson and the Newnham College Mendelians, 1900-1910
This essay shows how the situation of women in science in the early twentieth century was a factor--along with scientific, institutional, social, and political developments--in establishing the new discipline of genetics. Expand
How Theories became Knowledge: Morgan's Chromosome Theory of Heredity in America and Britain
  • S. Brush
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of biology
  • 2002
The reasons why thechromosome Theory of Heredity was accepted as part of a series of comparative studies of theory-acceptance in the sciences are examined, including the persuasiveness of confirmed novel predictions. Expand
Opposition to the Mendelian-chromosome theory: The physiological and developmental genetics of Richard Goldschmidt
  • G. Allen
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of biology
  • 1974
Richard Goldschmidt had a considerable influence on his contemporaries, and to dismiss him as an obstructionist because his opponents later proved to be more nearly right, distorts history and obscures significant questions which the authors might well be asking. Expand
Profiles in genetics: George Wells Beadle and the origins of the gene-enzyme concept.
Beadle's success in establishing biochemical genetics on a firm foundation was due to a combination of several circumstances. These include the following: 1. Apt timing of his work, which Garrod'sExpand
Ephestia: The Experimental Design of Alfred Kühn's Physiological Developmental Genetics
This paper is meant to reconstruct the crucial steps in the experimental pathway that led Kühn and his collaborators at the University of Göttingen, and later at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes of Biology and Biochemistry in Berlin, to formulate what later became known as the “one gene – one enzyme hypothesis. Expand
The founding of population genetics: Contributions of the Chetverikov school 1924–1934
Of the eighteen founders of the synthetic theory of evolution listed by G. G. Simpson in his book, The Meaning of Evolution, 1 four are Russian in origin and training: S. S, Chetverikov, N. V.Expand
William Bateson's introduction of Mendelism to England: a reassessment.
  • R. Olby
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • British journal for the history of science
  • 1987
It has long been accepted that the first account of Mendel's work in English was given by the Cambridge zoologist, William Bateson, to an audience of Fellows of the Royal Horticultural Society in London on 8 May, 1900, and Beatrice Bateson's account of the event over a quarter of a century later is given. Expand