The importance of brainstem mapping in brainstem surgical anatomy before the fourth ventricle and implication for intraoperative neurophysiological mapping

Abstract

Brain stem mapping (BSM) is an intraoperative neurophysiological procedure to localize cranial motor nuclei on the floor of the fourth ventricle. BSM enables neurosurgeon to understand functional anatomy on the distorted floor of the fourth ventricle, thus, it is emerging as an indispensable tool for challenging brain stem surgery. The authors described the… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s00701-005-0672-6

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