The importance of a successful initial bladder closure in the surgical management of classical bladder exstrophy: analysis of 144 patients treated at the Johns Hopkins Hospital between 1975 and 1985.


The staged functional closure of classical bladder exstrophy has produced improved results for many urologists involved in the surgical management of this congenital anomaly. To determine which factors are most important for achieving a successful outcome (urinary continence with preservation of normal renal function) the 144 patients treated at The Johns… (More)


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