The impacts of climate change on ecosystem structure and function

  title={The impacts of climate change on ecosystem structure and function},
  author={Nancy B. Grimm and F. Stuart Chapin and Britta G. Bierwagen and Patrick Gonzalez and Peter M. Groffman and Yiqi Luo and Forrest S. Melton and Knute J. Nadelhoffer and Amber Pairis and Peter A. Raymond and Joshua P. Schimel and Craig E. Williamson},
  journal={Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment},
Recent climate-change research largely confirms the impacts on US ecosystems identified in the 2009 National Climate Assessment and provides greater mechanistic understanding and geographic specificity for those impacts. Pervasive climate-change impacts on ecosystems are those that affect productivity of ecosystems or their ability to process chemical elements. Loss of sea ice, rapid warming, and higher organic inputs affect marine and lake productivity, while combined impacts of wildfire and… 

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