The impact of routine trans-oesophageal echocardiography (TOE) in cardiac surgery.

@article{Desjardins2009TheIO,
  title={The impact of routine trans-oesophageal echocardiography (TOE) in cardiac surgery.},
  author={Georges Desjardins and Michael K. Cahalan},
  journal={Best practice & research. Clinical anaesthesiology},
  year={2009},
  volume={23 3},
  pages={263-71}
}
Trans-oesophageal echocardiography (TOE) has profoundly changed cardiac surgery and the role of the cardiac anaesthesiologist. It has been the driving force for a real-time diagnostic and decision-making partnership between cardiac anaesthesiologists and cardiac surgeons that has significantly advanced the safety and effectiveness of modern cardiac surgery. With the information provided by TOE, anaesthesiologists and surgeons may redirect the care of cardiac surgical patients to decrease… CONTINUE READING

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