The impact of respiration on left atrial and pulmonary venous anatomy: implications for image-guided intervention.

@article{Noseworthy2005TheIO,
  title={The impact of respiration on left atrial and pulmonary venous anatomy: implications for image-guided intervention.},
  author={Peter A Noseworthy and Z. J. Malchano and Jameel Ahmed and Godtfred Holmvang and Jeremy N. Ruskin and Vivek Y. Reddy},
  journal={Heart rhythm},
  year={2005},
  volume={2 11},
  pages={
          1173-8
        }
}
BACKGROUND Image-guided intervention using pre-acquired CT/MR 3-dimensional images is an emerging strategy for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation but may be limited by its use of static images to depict dynamic physiology. The effect of biologic factors such as respiration on the left atrial-pulmonary venous (LA-PV) anatomy is not well understood but is likely to have important implications. Conventional CT/MR imaging is performed during an inspiratory breath-hold, while electroanatomical… CONTINUE READING
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