The impact of institutionalization on child development

@article{MacLean2003TheIO,
  title={The impact of institutionalization on child development},
  author={Kim MacLean},
  journal={Development and Psychopathology},
  year={2003},
  volume={15},
  pages={853 - 884}
}
  • Kim MacLean
  • Published 14 November 2003
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Development and Psychopathology
During the past 10 years researchers studying children adopted from Romanian orphanages have had the opportunity to revisit developmental questions regarding the impact of early deprivation on child development. In the present paper the effects of deprivation are examined by reviewing both the early and more recent literature on studies of children who spent the first few years of life in institutions. Special attention is given to the Canadian study of Romanian adoptees in which the author has… 
The development and care of institutionally reared children
This article briefly summarizes the literature on elements of research, practice, and policy pertaining to the development and care of children raised in institutions. It covers such children’s
Early Caregiver–Child Interaction and Children’s Development: Lessons from the St. Petersburg-USA Orphanage Intervention Research Project
TLDR
An intervention that improved the institutional environment by increasing the quality of caregiver–child interactions led to substantial increases in the physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development of resident children with and without disabilities.
The impact of early institutional care on emotion regulation: studying the play narratives of post-institutionalized and early adopted children
ABSTRACT With access to a unique sample of post-institutionalized Hungarian children, this study focused on the hypothesis that children who had been institutionalized for at least six months after
Divergent Developmental Pathways of Children and Adolescents Reared in Long-Term Residential Protective Care in Turkey
In this chapter, we discuss a transformative change in Turkey that has witnessed a decline in the number of institutional residential care centers (“orphanages”) over the course of the past two
The paradox of the use of institutionalization as a measure of child protection in Bulgaria
Institutionalization is a contentious measure of child protection and both a cause and an effect of child poverty in Bulgaria. Research has demonstrated that institutional care has detrimental impact
Early adolescent outcomes for institutionally-deprived and non-deprived adoptees. I: disinhibited attachment.
TLDR
Disinhibited attachment constitutes a valid, and handicapping, clinical pattern that is strongly associated with an institutional rearing and is associated with a marked increase in service usage and associations with other forms of psychopathology.
Does Family Matter? The Well-Being of Children Growing Up in Institutions, Foster Care and Adoption
Do parents matter for the well-being of children? In this chapter we review research on the cognitive and social-emotional development of children exposed to different “natural experiments” in which
Parent ratings of executive functioning in children adopted from psychosocially depriving institutions.
  • Emily C Merz, R. Mccall
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 2011
TLDR
It is suggested that prolonged early psychosocial deprivation may increase children's risk of EF deficits and that the developmental stresses of adolescence may be particularly challenging for older-adopted PI children.
Age at Adoption from Institutional Care as a Window into the Lasting Effects of Early Experiences
  • M. Julian
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Clinical child and family psychology review
  • 2013
TLDR
The effects of age at adoption from institutional care are discussed for multiple domains of social and behavioral development within the context of several prominent developmental hypotheses about the effects of early deprivation (cumulative effects, experience-expectant developmental programming, and experience-adaptive developmental programming).
CBCL Behavior Problems of Post-Institutionalized International Adoptees
TLDR
Results suggest that the major factor contributing to extreme behaviors is age at adoption, with those adopted after 6/18 months having more behavior problems, especially Internalizing, Externalizing, and Attention problems.
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References

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This paper examines effects of institutional settings on cognitive, affective, and personal development of children. Two samples consisting of 52 children, living in orphanages, and 45 kindergarten
Romanian Adoption: Parents' Dreams, Nightmares, and Realities.
In Canada, 1,013 visas were issued to Romanian children between January 1990 and April 1991 to enter the country as landed immigrants. Many of these children come from placements where resources for
Disturbances of attachment in young children adopted from institutions.
  • C. Zeanah
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP
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TLDR
It is concluded that children adopted from institutions are at dramatically increased risk for disturbances, although the majority of such children do not demonstrate problems, and both the duration of deprivation and the postinstitutional caregiving environment seem to be importantly related to outcome.
Parenting Stress in Families Adopting Children From Romanian Orphanages
Parenting stress was evaluated in families that adopted children who were institutionalized for at least 8 months in a Romanian orphanage (RO group) and two comparison groups: families with
Can Inattention/Overactivity Be an Institutional Deprivation Syndrome?
TLDR
It is concluded that inattention/overactivity (I/O) may well constitute an institutional deprivation syndrome, but that the type of attention deficit and overactivity exhibited by these children may present a different clinical picture from that of “ordinary” varieties of attention deficits disorder or hyperkinetic syndrome.
Determinants of Behavioural Problems in Romanian Children Adopted in Ontario
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While there have been a substantial number of studies reporting the intelligence status of foster children (16, 19, 20, 21, 28, 30) repeated evaluations of the same children into adolescence or early
Child–parent attachment following early institutional deprivation
TLDR
Child–parent attachment quality with an adoptive caregiver at age 4 years was examined in a sample of 111 children adopted into the United Kingdom following early severe deprivation in Romania and a comparison group of 52 nondeprived within–United Kingdom adoptees, indicating that children who experienced early severe deprived were less likely to be securely attached and more likely to show atypical patterns of attachment behavior.
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TLDR
Both boys and girls in long-term residential care showed less harmonious, confiding relationships with peers than those reared in families, and were more affection-seeking with teachers.
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TLDR
Romanian adoptees are an extraordinarily high-risk pediatric group as a consequences of decades of government-sanctioned child neglect and abuse.
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