The impact of childhood sickness on adult socioeconomic outcomes: evidence from late 19th century America.


We use family fixed-effects models to estimate the impact of childhood health on adult literacy, labor force outcomes, and marital status among pairs of white brothers observed as children in the 1880 U.S. Census and then as adults in the 1900-1930 Censuses. Given our focus on the 19th century, we observed a wider array of infectious, chronic, and traumatic… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.06.001