The impact of background music on adult listeners: A meta-analysis

  title={The impact of background music on adult listeners: A meta-analysis},
  author={Juliane K{\"a}mpfe and Peter Sedlmeier and Frank Renkewitz},
  journal={Psychology of Music},
  pages={424 - 448}
Background music has been found to have beneficial, detrimental, or no effect on a variety of behavioral and psychological outcome measures. This article reports a meta-analysis that attempts to summarize the impact of background music. A global analysis shows a null effect, but a detailed examination of the studies that allow the calculation of effects sizes reveals that this null effect is most probably due to averaging out specific effects. In our analysis, the probability of detecting such… Expand

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