The impact of acute and chronic strenuous exercise on pelvic floor muscle strength and support in nulliparous healthy women.

@article{Middlekauff2016TheIO,
  title={The impact of acute and chronic strenuous exercise on pelvic floor muscle strength and support in nulliparous healthy women.},
  author={Monique L Middlekauff and Marlene J Egger and Ingrid E Nygaard and Janet M. Shaw},
  journal={American journal of obstetrics and gynecology},
  year={2016},
  volume={215 3},
  pages={
          316.e1-7
        }
}

The Association Between Pelvic Floor Muscle Force and General Strength and Fitness in Postpartum Women

In primiparous women 1-year postpartum, the results are consistent with existing literature that specific, targeted, and consistent pelvic floor exercises are the best way to improve PFM strength.

Strenuous physical activity, exercise, and pelvic organ prolapse: a narrative scoping review.

Experimental and prospective studies indicate that strenuous exercise increased POP symptoms and reduced pelvic floor support and the effect of exercises in the early postpartum period is reviewed.

Relative and Maximal Intra-abdominal Pressure and Postpartum Pelvic Floor Outcomes in Primiparas Delivered Vaginally

This exploratory analysis suggests that postpartum IAPSTRAIN may increase the prevalence of worse support in primiparas delivered vaginally.

Is Physical Activity Good or Bad for the Female Pelvic Floor? A Narrative Review

Two widely held opposing hypotheses on the effect of general exercise on the pelvic floor are presented and many knowledge gaps need to be understood to understand the full effects of strenuous and non-strenuous activities on pelvic floor health.

Pelvic floor evaluation in CrossFit® athletes and urinary incontinence: a cross-sectional observational study

Comparing the force and the contraction capacity of the pelvic floor musculature and urinary incontinence between female CrossFit® practitioners (AG) and non-practitioners (CG) found no significant differences between the two groups.

Effect of exercise on female pelvic floor morphology and muscle function: a systematic review.

An inverse relationship of PFM maximum voluntary contraction with exercise intensity is demonstrated and the studies found favorable outcomes for the control group in terms of hiatal area during contraction and Valsalva and bladder neck displacement.

Symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse in women who lift heavy weights for exercise: a cross-sectional survey

Physically active women who lift heavy weights for exercise do not have an increased prevalence of POP symptoms, and advice on the contribution of heavy weight lifting as part of a physical activity regime to the pathophysiology of POP requires further investigation.

Prevalence of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction, Bother, and Risk Factors and Knowledge of the Pelvic Floor Muscles in Norwegian Male and Female Powerlifters and Olympic Weightlifters

The prevalence of PFD was high, and the athletes had limited knowledge of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM), according to the International Consensus on Incontinence Questionnaires.

Association Between Physical Activity Level and Pelvic Floor Muscle Variables in Women.

A cross-sectional study was made to analyse the association between PA level and vaginal resting pressure (VRP) and P FM strength and endurance, and no associations were found between PA and PFM strength and Endurance.

Role of chronic exercise on pelvic floor support and function.

No strong conclusions can be drawn about whether chronic exercise exerts a positive or negative influence on pelvic floor support and function, and adopting longitudinal research methodology that prospectively monitors exercise exposure and subsequent changes in pelvic floor Support and function would help to reduce selection bias associated with cross sectional studies on groups of athletes.

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In young nulliparous women with symptoms of mild stress urinary incontinence, strenuous physical exercise results in lower maximal voluntary vaginal contraction pressure, indicating pelvic floor muscle fatigue.

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