The impact of Arctic warming on the midlatitude jet‐stream: Can it? Has it? Will it?

  title={The impact of Arctic warming on the midlatitude jet‐stream: Can it? Has it? Will it?},
  author={Elizabeth A. Barnes and James A. Screen},
  journal={Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change},
  • E. Barnes, J. Screen
  • Published 1 May 2015
  • Environmental Science
  • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change
The Arctic lower atmosphere has warmed more rapidly than that of the globe as a whole, and this has been accompanied by unprecedented sea ice melt. Such large environmental changes are already having profound impacts on the flora, fauna, and inhabitants of the Arctic region. An open question, however, is whether these Arctic changes have an effect on the jet‐stream and thereby influence weather patterns farther south. This broad question has recently received a lot of scientific and media… 

Figures from this paper

Amplified Arctic warming and mid‐latitude weather: new perspectives on emerging connections
The Arctic is warming and melting at alarming rates. Within the lifetime of a Millennial, the volume of ice floating on the Arctic Ocean has declined by at least half. The pace of Arctic warming is
Non‐Additivity of the Midlatitude Circulation Response to Regional Arctic Temperature Anomalies: The Role of the Stratosphere
Previous studies have documented the impact of the Arctic sea ice loss and associated warming on the midlatitude weather and climate, especially the influence of sea ice retreat over the Barents‐Kara
The Melting Arctic and Midlatitude Weather Patterns: Are They Connected?*
AbstractThe potential of recent Arctic changes to influence hemispheric weather is a complex and controversial topic with considerable uncertainty, as time series of potential linkages are short (<10
The Physical System of the Arctic Ocean and Subarctic Seas in a Changing Climate
The Earth’s climate is changing and the poles are particularly sensitive to the global warming, with most evident implications over the Arctic. While summer sea ice reduced significantly compared to
The Influence of Arctic Amplification on Mid-latitude Weather and Climate
  • S. Vavrus
  • Environmental Science
    Current Climate Change Reports
  • 2018
Purpose of ReviewThe rapidly warming Arctic climate may affect weather in middle latitudes, but controversies remain as to mechanisms and robustness. Here, I synthesize recent advances in this
Arctic Climate Change, Variability, and Extremes
Global warming over the past half century has been amplified in the Arctic, especially in the cold season. Other Arctic indicators, especially those of the cryosphere, show signals consistent with
Arctic warming and its influence on East Asian winter cold events: a brief recap
The rate of warming of Arctic surface temperature is about 2–3 times faster than the global mean surface warming. Increases of ice albedo feedback and water vapor as well as moisture intrusion from
Increased Arctic influence on the midlatitude flow during Scandinavian Blocking episodes
  • J. Day, I. Sandu, T. Jung
  • Environmental Science
    Quarterly journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. Royal Meteorological Society
  • 2019
It is demonstrated that removing in situ or satellite observations from the data assimilation system, used to create the initial conditions for the forecasts, deteriorates midlatitude synoptic forecast skill in the medium‐range, particularly over northern Asia.
Resolving Future Arctic/Midlatitude Weather Connections
Given ongoing large changes in the Arctic, high‐latitude forcing is a new potential driver for sub‐seasonal weather impacts at midlatitudes in coming decades. Such linkage research, however, is


Do Changes in the Midlatitude Circulation Have Any Impact on the Arctic Surface Air Temperature Trend
Abstract The warming of the near-surface air in the Arctic region has been larger than the global mean surface warming. There is general agreement that the Arctic amplification of the surface air
Recent Arctic amplification and extreme mid-latitude weather
The Arctic region has warmed more than twice as fast as the global average — a phenomenon known as Arctic amplification. The rapid Arctic warming has contributed to dramatic melting of Arctic sea ice
Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review
  • T. Vihma
  • Environmental Science
    Surveys in Geophysics
  • 2014
The areal extent, concentration and thickness of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas have strongly decreased during the recent decades, but cold, snow-rich winters have been common over
Arctic Tropospheric Warming: Causes and Linkages to Lower Latitudes
AbstractArctic temperatures have risen dramatically relative to those of lower latitudes in recent decades, with a common supposition being that sea ice declines are primarily responsible for
CMIP5 Projections of Arctic Amplification, of the North American/North Atlantic Circulation, and of Their Relationship
AbstractRecent studies have hypothesized that Arctic amplification, the enhanced warming of the Arctic region compared to the rest of the globe, will cause changes in midlatitude weather over the
CMIP 5 Projections of Arctic Amplification , of the North American / North Atlantic Circulation , and of Their Relationship
Recent studies have hypothesized that Arctic amplification, the enhanced warming of the Arctic region compared to the rest of the globe, will cause changes inmidlatitude weather over the twenty-first
Exploring links between Arctic amplification and mid‐latitude weather
This study examines observed changes (1979–2011) in atmospheric planetary‐wave amplitude over northern mid‐latitudes, which have been proposed as a possible mechanism linking Arctic amplification and
Atmospheric impacts of Arctic sea-ice loss, 1979–2009: separating forced change from atmospheric internal variability
The ongoing loss of Arctic sea-ice cover has implications for the wider climate system. The detection and importance of the atmospheric impacts of sea-ice loss depends, in part, on the relative