The immunological effects of thought suppression.

@article{Petrie1998TheIE,
  title={The immunological effects of thought suppression.},
  author={Keith J. Petrie and Roger John Booth and James W. Pennebaker},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1998},
  volume={75 5},
  pages={
          1264-72
        }
}
Individuals often suppress emotional thoughts, particularly thoughts that arouse negative emotions, as a way of regulating mood and reducing distress. However, recent work has highlighted the complexities and unexpected cognitive and physiological effects of thought suppression. In a study designed to examine the short-term immunological effects of thought suppression, participants wrote about either emotional or nonemotional topics with or without thought suppression. Blood was drawn before… 

Figures from this paper

Effects of suppressing negative self-referent thoughts on mood and self-esteem
Abstract Researchers have implicated thought suppression as a factor in the etiology and maintenance of a variety of psychological disorders, including obsessive–compulsive disorder, post–traumatic
Effects of Expression and Inhibition of Negative Emotions on Health, Mood States, and Salivary Secretory Immunoglobulin a in Japanese Mildly Depressed Undergraduates
TLDR
Emotional expression by writing improved mood states both in the depressed and nondepressed groups but induced elevation of salivary s-IgA only in the depression group.
The Effects of Target Valence on Thought Suppression Efficacy
Thought suppression is a mental control strategy used in attempt to suppress unwanted thoughts. Unfortunately, it often causes a paradoxical increase in the frequency of such thoughts, both
Differentiating thought suppression and the suppression of emotional expression
This study examined the distinctiveness of thought suppression and the suppression of emotional expression. This study also examined the validity of measures of these constructs in predicting
Painful consequences of anger suppression.
TLDR
Results suggest that attempts to suppress anger may amplify pain sensitivity by ironically augmenting perception of the irritating and frustrating qualities of pain.
Suppression of negative self-referent thoughts: A field study
We examined the effects of suppressing negative self-referent thoughts on thought frequency, mood, and self-esteem over an 11-day period. Participants were randomly assigned to a suppression or
Effortful inhibition of affective responses to pictures: Effects on central and peripheral physiology
It has been suggested that emotion regulatory extremes may play a role in psychopathology and physical health. In a study whose primary aim was to shed light on the response-dampening end of the
Emotional Suppression Tendencies as Predictors of Symptoms, Mood, and Coping Appraisals During AC Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer Treatment
TLDR
The three suppression tendencies exhibited distinctive patterns of relationships with symptoms, mood, and coping appraisals, suggesting that anxiety suppression, anger suppression, and depression suppression have partially independent relationships with symptomatic and mood processes.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES
Hiding feelings: the acute effects of inhibiting negative and positive emotion.
TLDR
Physiologically, suppression had no effect in the neutral film, but clear effects in both negative and positive emotional films, including increased sympathetic activation of the cardiovascular system.
Emotional suppression: physiology, self-report, and expressive behavior.
TLDR
Emotional suppression reduced expressive behavior and produced a mixed physiological state characterized by decreased somatic activity and decreased heart rate, along with increased blinking and indications of increased sympathetic nervous system activity.
Chronic thought suppression.
TLDR
A self-report measure of thought suppression that was inversely correlated with repression as assessed by the Repression-Sensitization Scale, and so taps a trait that is quite unlike repression as traditionally conceived.
Short‐term immunological effects of induced emotion.
TLDR
Results suggest that immunologic processes are sensitive to influence by arousal of emotion, and group effects confirm group effects in NEG and POS emotional experiences.
CHANGES IN CIRCULATING LYMPHOCYTE NUMBERS FOLLOWING EMOTIONAL DISCLOSURE: EVIDENCE OF BUFFERING?
In order to assess whether disclosure of emotions through writing about upsetting or traumatic events resulted in changes in blood-associated immune variables over time, healthy volunteers were
The suppression of exciting thoughts.
TLDR
It was suggested that the suppression of exciting thoughts might be involved in the production of chronic emotional responses such as phobias and obsessive preoccupations.
Disclosure of traumas and psychosomatic processes.
Disclosure of traumas and immune function: health implications for psychotherapy.
TLDR
Two measures of cellular immune-system function and health center visits suggested that confronting traumatic experiences was physically beneficial and the implications for psychotherapy as a preventive treatment for health problems are discussed.
Cardiovascular reactivity and the course of immune response to an acute psychological stressor.
TLDR
Results are consistent with the hypothesis that sympathetic activation mediates stressor‐induced quantitative alterations of peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations and nonspecific mitogen stimulated proliferation.
Fanning old flames: emotional and cognitive effects of suppressing thoughts of a past relationship.
TLDR
Cognitive and electrodermal effects of suppressing thoughts of an old flame were examined in 2 experiments and participants who had suppressed thoughts of a no-longer-desired relationship were inclined to think aloud more about it afterward whereas those who suppressed thoughtsOf a still-desiring relationship did not show such a rebound but evidenced increased SCL.
...
...