The immediate environmental effects of tephra emission

  title={The immediate environmental effects of tephra emission},
  author={P. Ayris and P. Delmelle},
  journal={Bulletin of Volcanology},
The Earth’s history is punctuated by large explosive eruptions that eject large quantities of magma and silicate rock fragments into the atmosphere. These tephra particles can sometimes be dispersed across millions of square kilometres or even entire continents. The interaction of tephra with or in receiving environments may induce an array of physical, chemical and biological effects. The consequences for affected systems and any dependent communities may be chronic and localised in the event… Expand
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