The human urinary microbiome and how it relates to urogynecology

  title={The human urinary microbiome and how it relates to urogynecology},
  author={Jenifer Schneeweiss and Marianne Koch and Wolfgang Umek},
  journal={International Urogynecology Journal},
Introduction and hypothesisRecent studies applying molecular techniques have demonstrated the presence of a urinary microbiota not detected by standard microbiological techniques. These have been found in the urine of healthy individuals and in those suffering from clinical symptoms. The present article reviews the findings of these studies to date, describing the molecular techniques, and specifically outlining any differences in microbiomes in relation to urogynecological disease. Further… 

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