The human gut microbiome: implications for future health care.

  title={The human gut microbiome: implications for future health care.},
  author={James Kinross and Alexander C von Roon and Elaine Holmes and Ara Darzi and Jeremy K. Nicholson},
  journal={Current gastroenterology reports},
  volume={10 4},
In their intestine, humans possess an "extended genome" of millions of microbial genes-the microbiome. Because this complex symbiosis influences host metabolism, physiology, and gene expression, it has been proposed that humans are complex biologic "superorganisms." Advances in microbiologic analysis and systems biology are now beginning to implicate the gut microbiome in the etiology of localized intestinal diseases such as the irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, and colon… CONTINUE READING
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