The homeland of Proto-Tungusic inferred from contemporary words and ancient genomes

@article{Wang2020TheHO,
  title={The homeland of Proto-Tungusic inferred from contemporary words and ancient genomes},
  author={Chuan‐Chao Wang and Martine Robbeets},
  journal={Evolutionary Human Sciences},
  year={2020},
  volume={2}
}
Abstract Abstract The Tungusic languages form a language family spoken in Xinjiang, Siberia, Manchuria and the Russian Far East. There is a general consensus that these languages are genealogically related and descend from a common ancestral language, conventionally called ‘Proto-Tungusic’. However, the exact geographical location where the ancestral speakers of Proto-Tungusic originated from is subject to debate. Here we take an unprecedented approach to this problem, by integrating linguistic… 
Mitochondrial genome diversity on the Central Siberian Plateau with particular reference to the prehistory of northernmost Eurasia
TLDR
The Central Siberian Plateau was the last geographic area in Eurasia to become habitable by modern humans after the Last Glacial Maximum, and genetic links between the Yenisei-Sayan region and Northeast Eurasia over the last 10,000 years are explored.
Significant East Asian Affinity of the Sichuan Hui Genomic Structure Suggests the Predominance of the Cultural Diffusion Model in the Genetic Formation Process
TLDR
The results support the hypothesis that the Sichuan Huis arose from a mixture of minor western Eurasian ancestry and predominant East Asian ancestry, and showed their strong genetic affinity with modern and ancient Northern East Asians.
Significant East Asian affinity of Chinese Hui genomic structure suggesting their predominant cultural diffusion model in the genetic formation process
TLDR
The results supported that modern Chinese Hui arose from the mixture of minor western Eurasian ancestry and predominantly East Asian ancestry, and showed their strong affinity with modern and ancient Northern East Asians.
Some observations on the transeurasian language family, from the perspective of the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis
Abstract During my attendance at the ‘Transeurasian Millets and Beans, Words and Genes’ conference in Jena (January 2019), Martine Robbeets invited me to comment on the articles that are published in
Paternal origin of Tungusic‐speaking populations: Insights from the updated phylogenetic tree of Y‐chromosome haplogroup C2a‐M86
TLDR
The demographic history of Tungusic‐speaking populations was explored using the phylogenetic analysis of haplogroup C2a‐M86, the major subbranch of C2 a‐M48.
About millets and beans, words and genes
Abstract In this special collection, we address the origin and dispersal of the Transeurasian languages, i.e. Japonic, Koreanic, Tungusic, Mongolic and Turkic, from an interdisciplinary perspective.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES
Bayesian phylolinguistics reveals the internal structure of the Transeurasian family
The historical connection between the Transeurasian languages, i.e. the Japonic, Koreanic, Tungusic, Mongolic, and Turkic languages, is among the most disputed issues of historical linguistics. Here,
137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes
TLDR
The genomes of 137 ancient and 502 modern human genomes illuminate the population history of the Eurasian steppes after the Bronze Age and document the replacement of Indo-European speakers of West Eurasian ancestry by Turkic-speaking groups of East Asian ancestry.
The genetic history of admixture across inner Eurasia
TLDR
Genome-wide data for 763 individuals from inner Eurasia reveal 3 admixture clines in present-day populations that mirror geography, illuminating the historic spread and mixture of peoples across the Eurasian steppe, taiga and tundra.
Genome-wide data from two early Neolithic East Asian individuals dating to 7700 years ago
Early Neolithic (~7700-year-old) genetic data from the Russian Far East implies a high level of genetic continuity in this region. Ancient genomes have revolutionized our understanding of Holocene
A partial nuclear genome of the Jomons who lived 3000 years ago in Fukushima, Japan
TLDR
The findings, based on the first analysis of Jomon nuclear genome sequence data, firmly demonstrate that the modern mainland Japanese resulted from genetic admixture of the indigenous Jomon people and later migrants.
Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans
TLDR
It is shown that most present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: west European hunter-gatherers, who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; ancient north Eurasians related to Upper Palaeolithic Siberians; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west Europeanhunter-gatherer related ancestry.
The classification of the Tungusic languages
This chapter surveys previous attempts to classify the genetic relationships among the Tungusic languages. We examine the set of sound correspondences that can be employed in this classification and
Automated Dating of the World’s Language Families Based on Lexical Similarity
TLDR
A computerized alternative to glottochronology for estimating elapsed time since parent languages diverged into daughter languages is described, and time depths for nearly all the world’s recognized language families and for many subfamilies are offered.
Homelands of the world’s language families: a quantitative approach
A systematic, computer-automated tool for narrowing down the homelands of linguistic families is presented and applied to 82 of the world’s larger families. The approach is inspired by the well-known
...
...