The history of written language disorders: Reexamining Pitres’ case (1884) of pure agraphia

  title={The history of written language disorders: Reexamining Pitres’ case (1884) of pure agraphia},
  author={Marjorie Perlman Lorch and Isabelle Barri{\`e}re},
  journal={Brain and Language},
The first clinical description of pure agraphia was reported by the French neurologist Pitres in 1884. Pitres used the case study evidence to argue for modality-specific memory representations and the localization of writing. This article reviews Pitres's contribution to the study of acquired writing disorders, the components of writing models and the cerebral localization which subserve writing, in light of the views entertained by his contemporaries and current authors. Although numerous… Expand
Written Language Production Disorders: Historical and Recent Perspectives
  • M. Lorch
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
  • 2013
Investigations have provided a broader perspective on writing impairments in a variety of disorders, including progressive and diffuse brain disorders, and functional brain imaging techniques have been used to study the underlying processes in healthy individuals. Expand
Cognitive neuropsychological analysis of isolated agraphia: Review and report of a new case
Abstract The present study offers a brief review of the literature about isolated agraphia (IA) and discusses a new case in the context of contemporary neuropsychological models of reading andExpand
Premature Thoughts on Writing Disorders
It is argued that this phenomenon in the history of aphasia is best captured by the concept of prematurity in scientific discovery proposed by Stent (1972, 2003). Expand
Apraxic agraphia following thalamic damage: Three new cases
Functional neuroimaging findings seem to indicate that AA after focal thalamic damage represents a diaschisis phenomenon, and suggest crucial involvement of the anterior (and medial) portion of the left thalamus within the neural network subserving the graphomotor system. Expand
Neurolinguistics, History of
The history of neurolinguistics is described, starting with the modern period, beginning in the 1960s. Subsequently, an overview of studies and theories on the effects of brain lesions on languageExpand
Pure apraxic agraphia: a disconnection syndrome after left subcortical stroke
The patient’s writing was characterized by poor forms of the graphemes in the absence of spelling errors, and the findings confirm the assumption presupposed by Croisile et al. Expand
Cognitive Structure of Writing Disorders in Russian: What Would Luria Say?
It is proposed that identification of acquired cases of dysgraphia in Russian could potentially benefit from taking the cognitive neuropsychological perspective and it is concluded that adopting elements of the syndrome approach would substantially enrich the understanding of acquired Dysgraphia. Expand
Agraphia after awake surgery for brain tumor: new insights into the anatomo-functional network of writing.
It is shown that spoken language and writing functions could be dissociated, and that writing is subserved, at least partially, by a network of 5 areas located in the dominant hemisphere for language: the superior parietal region, the supramarginalis gyrus, the second and third frontal convolutions, the supplementary motor area, and the insula. Expand
Jean-Martin Charcot's role in the 19th century study of music aphasia.
Jean-Martin Charcot's ideas regarding music are described and place them within the historical context of the growing interest in the neurological underpinnings of music abilities that took place in the 1880s. Expand
Jean-Martin Charcot ’ s role in the nineteenth-century study of “ music aphasia ”
Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research about aphasia, Charcot'sExpand


Pitres’s two remarkable cases: Pure agraphia (1884) and Polyglot aphasia (1895)
Book synopsis: The main objective of the book is the recognition of the crucial role played by Michel Paradis in the development of the neurolinguistic of bilingualism. The chapters are collectedExpand
Pure apraxic agraphia with abnormal writing stroke sequences: report of a Japanese patient with a left superior parietal haemorrhage
The findings of this case indicate that the final stage of the execution of writing according to acquired sequential memory shown as a stroke sequence can be selectively disturbed, and should be considered to be distinct from the ability of character imagery and the knowledge of the writing stroke sequence itself. Expand
Pure agraphia: a discrete form of aphasia.
The report supports suggestions that localised damage to the language area can produce a pure agraphia as the sole detectable disorder of language organisation. Expand
Isolated writing disorders in a patient with stenosis of the left internal carotid artery.
A case of agraphia is presented of a patient who did not reveal any significant difficulties in oral language, reading, praxis or gnosia, which mainly involved written spelling. Expand
Ideational agraphia: a single case study.
A case study investigates the writing, spelling and praxic skills of one patient who was found to have a selective impairment in his ability to write letters and words in the absence of difficulty inExpand
Bilingualism and Aphasia
Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on aphasia and bilingualism. Recovery is said to be antagonistic when one language regresses as the other progresses. Recovery is said to be successive when oneExpand
Phonological agraphia following a focal anterior insulo-opercular infarction
The anatomoclinical findings in this first representative of pure and nearly isolated phonological agraphia complement previous neuroanatomical and neurolinguistic accounts of phonological Agraphia and seem to contribute to a further delineation of the insular role in phonologically mediated aphasic manifestations. Expand
Laterality and rehabilitation: differences in left and right hand productions in aphasic agraphic hemiplegics
Abstract The typical picture of a patient suffering from a left hemisphere cerebral vascular accident (CVA) is that of an aphasic with a right hemiplegia. In such patients the impairment in speech isExpand
A human cerebral deconnection syndrome
A patient whose clinical picture appears to be most simply explainable by a partial deconnection of the two cerebral hemispheres is presented, who appears to behave as if there were 2 nearly isolated half-brains, functioning almost independently. Expand