The history of the discovery of the cigarette-lung cancer link: evidentiary traditions, corporate denial, global toll.

@article{Proctor2012TheHO,
  title={The history of the discovery of the cigarette-lung cancer link: evidentiary traditions, corporate denial, global toll.},
  author={Robert N. Proctor},
  journal={Tobacco control},
  year={2012},
  volume={21 2},
  pages={87-91}
}
Lung cancer was once a very rare disease, so rare that doctors took special notice when confronted with a case, thinking it a once-in-a-lifetime oddity. Mechanisation and mass marketing towards the end of the 19th century popularised the cigarette habit, however, causing a global lung cancer epidemic. Cigarettes were recognised as the cause of the epidemic in the 1940s and 1950s, with the confluence of studies from epidemiology, animal experiments, cellular pathology and chemical analytics… CONTINUE READING

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 40 extracted citations

Cigarette Smoking and Lung Cancer: Pediatric Roots

Lung cancer international • 2012
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Historical Perspectives of the Causation of Lung Cancer

Global qualitative nursing research • 2015
View 17 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Scientific deceit

Synthese • 2018
View 1 Excerpt

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…