The history of the Dodo Raphus cucullatus and the penguin of Mauritius

@article{Hume2006TheHO,
  title={The history of the Dodo Raphus cucullatus and the penguin of Mauritius},
  author={Julian P. Hume},
  journal={Historical Biology},
  year={2006},
  volume={18},
  pages={69 - 93}
}
  • J. Hume
  • Published 1 January 2006
  • Biology
  • Historical Biology
More has been written about the dodo Raphus cucullatus of Mauritius than any other bird. However, much of the information has been derived from few genuine but inadequate contemporary accounts and illustrations, yet a wealth of assumptions and over zealous mis-interpretation about dodos' ecology and morphology has taken place. Here all aspects of the dodo's ecological history, contemporary accounts and illustrations, importation of specimens and fossil record are examined, and evidence is… 
The Dodo: from extinction to the fossil record
The dodo, Raphus cucullatus (Aves, Columbidae), has become one of the most famous birds in the world, a true icon of extinction. Known from a few contemporary illustrations and accounts, probably
The dodo, the deer and a 1647 voyage to Japan
More has been written about the iconic Dodo Raphus cucullatus of Mauritius than any other extinct bird, yet despite its familiarity, only a few specimens were exported from Mauritius; individual
The discovery of a Dodo Raphus cucullatus Linn . ( Aves , Columbiformes ) in a highland Mauritian lava cave
In September 2006, during a survey of Mauritian caves for cockroaches (Blattodea), a skeleton of a Dodo (Raphus cucullatus Linn. 1758) termed ‘Dodo Fred’ was serendipitously discovered in a highland
The first endocast of the extinct dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and an anatomical comparison amongst close relatives (Aves, Columbiformes)
TLDR
High-resolution X-ray computed tomography scanning is used to examine the endocranial morphology of the dodo and compare this virtual endocast to eight close relatives, finding enlarged olfactory bulbs are a shared characteristic of the Raphinae and posteriorly angled semicircular canals are particular to the dode compared with the other eight species sampled here.
The changing face of the dodo (Aves: Columbidae:Raphus cucullatus): iconography of the Walghvogel of Mauritius
ABSTRACT The dodo (Raphus cucullatus) was a large, flightless pigeon endemic to the island of Mauritius (Indian Ocean). Its unusual appearance was recorded in several 17th-century depictions of live
The end of the fat dodo? A new mass estimate for Raphus cucullatus
TLDR
A new mass estimate for the dodo (Raphus cucullatus), based on the lengths of the femur, tibiotarsus and tarsometatarsus, is attempted and seems more realistic than previous ones and supports the hypothesis that contemporary illustrations of extremely fat dodos were either exaggerations, or based on overfed specimens.
University of Groningen A review of the Dodo and its Ecosystem Rijsdijk,
The dodo Raphus cucullatus Linnaeus, 1758, an extinct and flightless, giant pigeon endemic to Mauritius, has fascinated people since its discovery, yet has remained surprisingly poorly known. Until
A review of the dodo and its ecosystem: insights from a vertebrate concentration Lagerstätte in Mauritius
TLDR
This interdisciplinary research approach provides an ecological framework for the dodo, complementing insights on its anatomy derived from the only associated dodo skeletons known, both of which were collected by Etienne Thirioux and are the primary subject of this memoir.
Bone histology sheds new light on the ecology of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus, Aves, Columbiformes)
TLDR
It is proposed that the dodo bred around August and that the rapid growth of the chicks enabled them to reach a robust size before the austral summer or cyclone season and molt began in the adults that had just bred.
The Dodo and the Red Hen, A Saga of Extinction, Misunderstanding, and Name Transfer: A Review
The chronology of observations of two extinct flightless birds in 17th century Mauritius, the dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and the red hen (Aphanapteryx bonasia), and what names or descriptions were used
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TLDR
New historical data derived from records of hunting caches are analysed, which confirm that specimens of R. cucullatus were collected regularly for at least 26 years beyond 1662, and a new extinction date is calculated, which differs by only three years from that calculated by Roberts and Solow but which greatly narrows the confidence interval.
Flightless birds: When did the dodo become extinct?
TLDR
This work uses a statistical method to establish the actual extinction time of the dodo as 1690, almost 30 years after its most recent sighting.
An ecomorphological review of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and solitaire (Pezophaps solitaria), flightless Columbiformes of the Mascarene Islands
This paper describes a morphological study of the dodo Raphus cucullatus and solitaire Pezophaps solitaria extinct, flightless Columbiformes of the Mascarene Islands, Indian Ocean—based on mensural
Studies of Mascarene Island birds: The fossil record
TLDR
The visitors who added notably to early ornithological history were Leguat (1708), on Rodrigues in 1691, Dubois (1674), on Reunion 1671-2, and Van Neck, on Mauritius 1598 or 1599 (see Strickland 1848).
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The White-throated Rail Dryolimnas cuvieri on Aldabra
The White-throated Rail of Aldabra, Dryolimnas cuvieri aldabranus, is the last surviving flightless bird in the western Indian Ocean. Their numbers are estimated very approximately as at least 1000
The white dodo of Réunion Island: unravelling a scientific and historical myth
TLDR
There are geological reasons for believing dodos, evolving in Mauritius, would have been already flightless before Reunion emerged and hence could not have colonised that more recent volcanic island.
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The evolutionary history of the dodo is very poorly understood. Like many avian island endemics, a high degree of morphological change associated with flightlessness and gigantism has obscured
An Indian picture of the Dodo
  • A. Iwanow
  • History
    Journal für Ornithologie
  • 2005
I t is very difficult to recall any other extinct bird more popular than the dodo. The doric is well known to many people, both professional zoologists and persons not especially interested in
A Dictionary of Birds
THE publication of the fourth and concluding part of Prof. Newton's “Dictionary of Birds” places ornithologists in possession of a very useful and concise volume in which is to be found a vast amount
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