The history of liquid-crystal displays

  title={The history of liquid-crystal displays},
  author={Hiroshi Kawamoto},
  journal={Proc. IEEE},
The modem history of liquid crystals has been dominated by the development of electronic displays. These developments began in 1964, when Heilmeier of RCA Laboratories discovered the guest-host mode and the dynamic-scattering mode. He thought a wall-sized flat-panel color TV was just around the corner From that point on, twisted-nematic (TN) mode, super TN mode, amorphous-Si field-effect transistor and room-temperature liquid crystals were developed. In the beginning, liquid-crystal displays… 
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