The history and challenge of HIV prevention

  title={The history and challenge of HIV prevention},
  author={Michael H. Merson and Jeffrey O’Malley and David Serwadda and Chantawipa Apisuk},
  journal={The Lancet},

The rapidly changing paradigm of HIV prevention: time to strengthen social and behavioural approaches.

It is timely to re-focus on strengthening the theory and practice of behavioural prevention of HIV, which is shaped and constrained by the social, cultural, political and economic contexts that affect the vulnerability of individuals and communities.

Prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS among drug-using populations: a global perspective.

Consultation meeting participants reviewed the most current scientific evidence on HIV and substance abuse and worked to incorporate that evidence into new clinical recommendations for the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS among drug users.

The Art of HIV Elimination: Past and Present Science.

All available HIV prevention methods are summarized and a logical approach to HIV control is offered, although what and how the available options should be combined is contextual.

Rethinking prevention: Shifting conceptualizations of evidence and intervention in South Africa’s AIDS epidemic

In recent years, statements about the ‘end of AIDS’ and an ‘AIDS-free world’ have dominated headlines about the epidemic. This contemporary moment of extraordinary optimism has been prompted in

HIV prevention in southern Africa: why we must reassess our strategies?

Southern Africa continues to shoulder a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic with the number of new infections outstripping treatment initiation two‐ to threefold and the challenge now is how to best integrate emerging prevention methods with established strategies.

The Current HIV/AIDS Prevention Strategies—Widely Outsmarted by Omitting Realities: A Socio-Critical Analysis in the Context of Powerless Law, Ethics and Asymmetric Interpretation of Human Rights

The HIV pandemic seems to be fading to some degree—but there are regional exceptions. The current liberal prevention strategy with programs aimed at risk reduction interventions in particular for

HIV transmission law in the age of treatment-as-prevention

It is concluded that defensible laws must relate to appreciable risk, given the evidence that the transmissibility of HIV is reduced to negligible level where viral load is suppressed and normative concepts of ‘safe(r) sex’ need to be expanded to include sex that is ‘protected’ by means of the positive person being virally suppressed.

HIV Prevention 4 Structural approaches to HIV prevention

Recognition that social, economic, political, and environmental factors directly aff ect HIV risk and vulnerability has stimulated interest in structural approaches to HIV prevention. Progress in the

Targeted combination HIV prevention packages to halt the global HIV epidemic.

It is evident that, depending on the population groups driving the epidemic, countries need to take stock of their HIV epidemic and prepare an appropriate response using a combination of current and new biomedical HIV prevention interventions to minimize HIV incidence.



HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment

Significant advances in HIV/AIDS treatment regimens have fundamentally altered the natural history of the disease and sharply reduced HIV-related morbidity and mortality in countries where such treatments are accessible and prompted numerous developing countries to introduce antiretroviral therapy through the public sector.

A critical analysis of the Brazilian response to HIV/AIDS: lessons learned for controlling and mitigating the epidemic in developing countries.

The Brazilian National AIDS Program is widely recognized as the leading example of an integrated HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment program in a developing country. We critically analyze the

Jonathan Mann, HIV/AIDS, and Human Rights

Jonathan Mann argued that AIDS was a social disease, flourishing in conditions of poverty, oppression, urban migration, gender inequality, and violence, and advanced a new way of understanding AIDS and AIDS policies based on a human rights framework.

Global health agencies agree to HIV/AIDS partnership

  • W. Wakabi
  • Medicine, Political Science
    The Lancet
  • 2007

The politics of civil society in confronting HIV/AIDS

Civil society organizations have been at the forefront of the response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. However, the contributions and the models of action they offer have remained marginalized by most