The historical change of brainstem glioma diagnosis and treatment: from imaging to molecular pathology and then molecular imaging

  title={The historical change of brainstem glioma diagnosis and treatment: from imaging to molecular pathology and then molecular imaging},
  author={Liwei Zhang and Changcun Pan and Deling Li},
  journal={Chinese Neurosurgical Journal},
Understanding a process from shallow to deep is necessary for controlling and even curing diseases. The history of diagnosis and treatment of brainstem gliomas vividly reflects this process. The development of neuroimaging plays a great role in tumor treatment at different periods, including the period when brainstem gliomas were regarded as an homogenous incurable disease, and currently it is considered as an entity with high heterogeneity. Presently, it is not enough to just rely on the… 
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