The hierarchical basis of neurovisceral integration

  title={The hierarchical basis of neurovisceral integration},
  author={Ryan Smith and Julian F. Thayer and Sahib S. Khalsa and Richard D. Lane},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},
Probing Neurovisceral Integration via Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Heart Rate Variability
Assessment of RSA and neural activation in the pre-frontal cortex simultaneously while participants completed a behavior inhibition task found the relationship between RSA and oxygenated hemoglobin is consistent with previous functional magnetic resonance imaging work examining the NVM at baseline.
Persistent Physical Symptoms as Perceptual Dysregulation: A Neuropsychobehavioral Model and Its Clinical Implications
Following this model, persistent physical symptoms can be described as “failures of inference” and clinically well-known factors such as expectation are assigned a role, not only in the later amplification of bodily signals but also in the very basis of symptom perception.
Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation May Enhance Only Specific Aspects of the Core Executive Functions. A Randomized Crossover Trial
It is indicated for the first time that tVNS can increase cognitive flexibility in a set-shifting paradigm, and that t VNS may exert a stronger effect on cognitive flexibility than inhibition.
Neurocomputational mechanisms underlying emotional awareness: Insights afforded by deep active inference and their potential clinical relevance
A deep (active) inference model is described that reproduces the cognitive-emotional processes and self-report behaviors associated with EA and how this type of modelling could be used to design neuroimaging tasks to test predictions and identify which processes operate in different individuals – and provide a principled basis for personalized precision medicine.
Ability-Based Emotional Intelligence Is Associated With Greater Cardiac Vagal Control and Reactivity
Results suggest that variance in the ability to understand emotional processes in oneself and to reason about one’s visceral experience may facilitate better CVC.
The evolution and development of the uniquely human capacity for emotional awareness: A synthesis of comparative anatomical, cognitive, neurocomputational, and evolutionary psychological perspectives
It is argued that disproportionate cortical expansion during human evolution reflects additional hierarchical levels of processing, allowing representation of multimodal regularities over longer timescales - affording abstract concept learning, internal simulation of distal future outcomes, and expanded working memory capacity.


Active interoceptive inference and the emotional brain
A recent shift in conceptions of interoception and its relationship to hierarchical inference in the brain is reviewed, highlighting its enactivist (embodied) aspects and the key role of uncertainty or precision and how this might translate into neuromodulation.
Heart Rate Variability, Prefrontal Neural Function, and Cognitive Performance: The Neurovisceral Integration Perspective on Self-regulation, Adaptation, and Health
An important relationship among cognitive performance, HRV, and prefrontal neural function that has important implications for both physical and mental health is suggested.
The cognitive functions of the caudate nucleus
Age-related differences in prefrontal control of heart rate in humans: a pharmacological blockade study.
  • J. Thayer, J. Sollers, G. Ahern
  • Psychology, Biology
    International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 2009
The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: From Interactions to Integration
A truly dynamic network view of the brain will emerge, in which "emotion" and "cognition" may be used as labels in the context of certain behaviors, but will not map cleanly into compartmentalized pieces of the head, Luiz Pessoa concludes.
Heart rate variability as an index of prefrontal neural function in military settings
A model of neurovisceral integration in which a set of neural structures involved in cognitive, affective, and autonomic regulation are related to heart rate variability (HRV) and cognitive performance is described, which has important implications for the development of biomarkers related to performance in modern warfighters.
Functional neuroanatomy of grief: an FMRI study.
Grief is mediated by a distributed neural network that subserves affect processing, mentalizing, episodic memory retrieval, processing of familiar faces, visual imagery, autonomic regulation, and modulation/coordination of these functions.