The infected cell polypeptide 0 (ICP0) protein of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a promiscuous transactivator. When expressed by transfection, ICP0 forms spherical structures in the nucleus. Using a double-label immunofluorescence assay, we have found that the HSV-1 helicase/primase complex subunits accumulate within ICP0 structures in cotransfected cells. This phenomenon was also observed in cells coexpressing ICP0 and UL6, a protein thought to be involved in the cleavage and/or packaging of viral genomes. ICP0 structures were found to be proteinaceous by immunoelectron microscopy. These results suggest that ICP0 may interact nonspecifically with a variety of viral proteins.