The hematocrit paradox--how does blood doping really work?

  title={The hematocrit paradox--how does blood doping really work?},
  author={Dieter B{\"o}ning and Norbert Maassen and Axel Radlach Pries},
  journal={International journal of sports medicine},
  volume={32 4},
The wide-spread assumption that doping with erythropoietin or blood transfusion is only effective by increasing arterial blood O2 content because of rising hematocrit is not self-evident. "Natural blood dopers" (horses, dogs) increase both hematocrit and circulating blood volume during exercise by releasing stored erythrocytes from the spleen. Improvement of aerobic performance by augmenting hemoglobin concentration may be expected until the optimal hematocrit is reached; above this value… CONTINUE READING
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