The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study

  title={The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study},
  author={Matthew Hotopf and Lisa Hull and Nicola T. Fear and Tess Browne and Oded Horn and Amy C. Iversen and Margaret Jones and Dominic Murphy and Duncan Bland and Mark Earnshaw and Neil Greenberg and Jamie Hacker Hughes and A Rosemary Tate and Christopher Dandeker and Roberto J. Rona and Simon Wessely},
  journal={The Lancet},

Do medical services personnel who deployed to the Iraq war have worse mental health than other deployed personnel?

There is a small excess of psychological ill health in medics, which can be explained by poorer group cohesion, traumatic medical and post-deployment experiences, and lower group cohesion and preparedness during the Iraq war.

Mental health of UK military personnel while on deployment in Iraq

In an established operational theatre the prevalence of common psychopathology was similar to rates found in non-deployed military samples, however, there remains scope for further improving in-theatre support mechanisms, raising awareness of the link between reporting sick and mental health and ensuring implementation of current policy to deliver pre-de deployment stress briefs.

Mental health outcomes at the end of the British involvement in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts: a cohort study

An increasing prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder and a lowering prevalence of alcohol misuse are highlighted compared with previous findings and the importance of continued surveillance during service and beyond are stressed.

Women in novel occupational roles: mental health trends in the UK Armed Forces.

BACKGROUND There is uncertainty about whether women in the military have more psychological symptoms than men and whether psychological symptoms have increased over time. The aims of this study were

Mental health of UK Armed Forces medical personnel post-deployment.

While the overall rates of self-reported mental health disorders were similar in FMs and RLMs, FMs reported more PTSD symptoms than all other roles, which may have been related to working in more hostile environments in more challenging roles while deployed and their experiences on returning home.

The health of UK civilians deployed to Iraq

Overall, the psychological health of deployed civilians appears to be better than that of Army personnel deployed in non-combat roles and Civilians are also less likely to engage in some risky behaviours.

Explanations for the increase in mental health problems in UK reserve forces who have served in Iraq

The increased ill-health of reservists appears to be due to experiences on deployment and difficulties with homecoming, and was paradoxically most powerfully affected by differences in problems at home rather than events in Iraq.



Health of UK servicemen who served in Persian Gulf War

Gulf war illness—better, worse, or just the same? A cohort study

Gulf war veterans remain a group with many symptoms of ill health, and the excess of illness at follow up is explained by both higher incidence and greater persistence of symptoms.

The mental health of UK Gulf war veterans: phase 2 of a two phase cohort study

Most disabled Gulf veterans do not have a formal psychiatric disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder is not higher in Gulf veterans than in other veterans.

Going to war does not have to hurt: preliminary findings from the British deployment to Iraq.

Findings suggest that war is not necessarily bad for psychological health, and only 9 of a larger sample of 421 (2%) exceeded cut-off criteria on the Trauma Screening Questionnaire.

Mental health problems, use of mental health services, and attrition from military service after returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan.

Combat duty in Iraq was associated with high utilization of mental health services and attrition from military service after deployment, and the deployment mental health screening program provided another indicator of the mental health impact of deployment on a population level but had limited utility in predicting the level ofmental health services that were needed after deployment.

Stability of recall of military hazards over time

It is found that reporting of military hazards after a conflict is not static, and is associated with current self-rated perception of health, and self-report of exposures associated with media publicity needs to be treated with caution.

Physical and mental health costs of traumatic war experiences among Civil War veterans.

Greater exposure to death of military comrades and younger exposure to war trauma were associated with increased signs of physician-diagnosed cardiac, gastrointestinal, and nervous disease and more unique disease ailments across the life of Civil War veterans.

Health status of Vietnam veterans. I. Psychosocial characteristics. The Centers for Disease Control Vietnam Experience Study.

  • Psychology
  • 1988
The Vietnam Experience Study was a multidimensional assessment of the health of Vietnam veterans, finding that certain psychological problems were significantly more prevalent among Vietnam veterans than among non-Vietnam veterans.

Post-combat syndromes from the Boer war to the Gulf war: a cluster analysis of their nature and attribution

All modern wars have been associated with a syndrome characterised by unexplained medical symptoms, and the explanations offered by servicemen and doctors seem to be influenced by advances in medical science, changes in the nature of warfare, and underlying cultural forces.