The head nodding syndrome--clinical classification and possible causes.

@article{Winkler2008TheHN,
  title={The head nodding syndrome--clinical classification and possible causes.},
  author={Andrea S. Winkler and Katrin Friedrich and Rebekka K{\"o}nig and Michael Meindl and Raimund Helbok and Iris Unterberger and Thaddaeus Gotwald and Jaffer Dharsee and Sandeep Velicheti and Aslam R Kidunda and Louise Jilek-Aall and William B. M. Matuja and Erich Schmutzhard},
  journal={Epilepsia},
  year={2008},
  volume={49 12},
  pages={2008-15}
}
PURPOSE In the 1960s in Tanzania, L. Jilek-Aall observed a seizure disorder characterized by head nodding (HN). Decades later, "nodding disease," reminiscent of what was seen in Tanzania, was reported from Sudan. To date this seizure disorder has not been classified and possible causes still remain obscure. METHODS In a prospective study in southern Tanzania, we evaluated 62 patients with HN. Selected patients underwent blood (n = 51) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (n = 48) analyses. Others… CONTINUE READING
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