The habenula: from stress evasion to value-based decision-making

  title={The habenula: from stress evasion to value-based decision-making},
  author={Okihide Hikosaka},
  journal={Nature Reviews Neuroscience},
Surviving in a world with hidden rewards and dangers requires choosing the appropriate behaviours. Recent discoveries indicate that the habenula plays a prominent part in such behavioural choice through its effects on neuromodulator systems, in particular the dopamine and serotonin systems. By inhibiting dopamine-releasing neurons, habenula activation leads to the suppression of motor behaviour when an animal fails to obtain a reward or anticipates an aversive outcome. Moreover, the habenula is… CONTINUE READING
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importance for memory

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