The growth hormone receptor antagonist pegvisomant blocks both mammary gland development and MCF-7 breast cancer xenograft growth

@article{Divisov2006TheGH,
  title={The growth hormone receptor antagonist pegvisomant blocks both mammary gland development and MCF-7 breast cancer xenograft growth},
  author={Jana Divisov{\'a} and Isere Kuiatse and Zawaunyka W Lazard and Heidi L. Weiss and Franzanne Vreeland and Darryl L Hadsell and Rachel Schiff and Charles Kent Osborne and Adrian V. Lee},
  journal={Breast Cancer Research and Treatment},
  year={2006},
  volume={98},
  pages={315-327}
}
SummaryMammary gland development is dependent upon the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) axis, this same axis has also been implicated in breast cancer progression. In this study we investigated the effect of a GH antagonist, pegvisomant (Somavert®, Pfizer), on normal mammary gland development and breast cancer xenograft growth. Intraperitoneal administration of pegvisomant resulted in a 60% suppression of hepatic IGF-I mRNA levels and upto a 70–80% reduction of serum IGF… 
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  • Biology, Medicine
    Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
  • 2014
TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
The well-recognized roles of IGF-IR in driving the malignant phenotype are described, the evidence that perhaps IR should also be targeted to inhibit the effects of the IGF ligands and insulin in cancer is examined, and the strategies to disrupt IGF signaling in cancer are described.
Growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I in the transition from normal mammary development to preneoplastic mammary lesions.
TLDR
It is possible that inhibition of IGF-I action, or perhaps GH, in the mammary gland may eventually play a role in breast cancer chemoprevention by preventing actions of both estrogen and progesterone, especially in women at extremely high risk for developing breast cancer such as BRCA gene 1 or 2 mutations.
Characterization of Growth Hormone Signaling in the NCI60 Cancer Panel
TLDR
A novel action of GH is discovered: an ability to increase the bioenergetic potential and potentiate the Warburg effect in cancer cells, which may have relevance to growth and invasion of metastatic melanoma cells in vivo.
Growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor system and carcinogenesis.
TLDR
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YEARS OF IGF 1 Anti-insulin-like growth factor therapy in breast cancer
TLDR
A review will evaluate the rationale for IGF1R inhibition, discuss results of the clinical trials and suggest a path forward.
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